Article name Socio-cultural Aspects of Urbanization in the Philosophy of the 20th Century
Authors Khasieva M.A. Candidate of Philosophy,
Bibliographic description Khasieva M. A. Socio-cultural Aspects of Urbanization in the Philosophy of the 20th Century // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 4. PP. 32–38. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-32-38.
UDC 130.2
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-32-38
Article type
Annotation The main social and cultural problems of urbanization are considered in the article, based on the works of different philosophers of the 20th century. In the 19th century, the conversion from agrarian economy and handicraft industry to factory production led to great changes in the interaction between the human and the nature. Mild adaptation of nature to the human needs is replaced by the exploitation of natural resources in pursuit of quick profits and huge amounts of produced and consumed. Technicalization of natural landscape followed, human environment considerably changed. The article reveals how the process of urbanization appears in the change of psychosocial climate and in the transformation of the human consciousness of that epoch. The specific social and cultural features of urbanization in Japanese and European culture are considered in the article. The descriptive, comparative and hermeneutic methods are used in the research. The results of the article include determination and consideration of the main features of urbanization in European and Japanese culture. These features are determined by ethnic identities of European and Japanese cultures. That is why the solutions to the problems of urbanization proposed by K. Kurokawa and L. Mumford are very different. In the philosophy of symbiosis, the rescue from technological disaster involves returning to traditional Japanese culture. At the same time, L. Mumford offers the solution that corresponds to semiotic vector of European culture.
Key words philosophy of architecture, philosophy of the city, philosophy of technique, modernization, philosophy of symbiosis, urbanization, industrialization
Article information
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