Article name Conceptualization of “Everyday Orientalism” Idea in Russia: Stereotypes and Prototypes
Authors Glagolev V.S. Doctor of Philosophy, Professor,
Bibliographic description Glagolev V. S. Conceptualization of “Everyday Orientalism” Idea in Russia: Stereotypes and Prototypes // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 4. PP. 68–75. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-68-75.
UDC 130.2
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-68-75
Article type
Annotation Urgency of “everyday orientalism” phenomenon research study can be explained by the fact that it is widespread in modern Russian culture. At the same time, addressing the issue background is an inevitable requirement determining system-defined and comprehensive character of those conclusions demonstrating presence of stable stereotypes towards “oriental partners” in various fields of intercultural interaction with them. Comprehension of the deepest roots in history of various stereotypes as well as factors which influenced their consistent changes (sometimes their overcoming) is a promising field of a philosophic and culturological analysis. Thus, theoretical and methodological base of this research presumes availability of a comparative prism assuming comparative history, comparative genetics and hermeneutics methods. At the same time, content analysis of some notions representing in popular consciousness stereotypes concerning the “East” is quite appropriate. One of those notions is concept of the “East” itself. Addressing traditions of domestic oriental studies enables to include quite a wide spectrum of geographical locations into its logical range. They are distributed (directly or indirectly) along historical borders of Ancient Rus and its political successor. It’s worth mentioning that Russian territory itself did not stay unchangeable gradually spreading in Eastern direction as well. As a consequence, comparatively new concept of “everyday orientalism” is being filled with geographical, historic and values content. Novelty is characteristic also for an analysis of stereotypization processes in popular consciousness concerning concept of the “East” values content as applied to some of the mentioned cultural and geographic locations. These processes have been studied on examples of “waived” historic assessments as well as assessments based on direct contacts with native representatives of “Eastern” cultures.
Key words philosophy of culture, “East” as a cultural phenomenon, “everyday orientalism”, cultural stereotypes, intercultural communication
Article information
References 1. Arzumanov, I. A. Transformation of the space of religious culture of the Baikal region in the Trans-Asian context (XX–XXI centuries). Irkutsk: Irkutsk. gos. un-t, 2008. (In Rus.) 2. Bernyukevich, T. V. On some debating points of conceptualization and typological comparison of cultural universals in contemporary Russian philosophy. Scholarly Notes of Transbaikal State University. Series: Philosophy, sociology, cultural studies, social work, no. 7, pp. 6–11, 2009. (In Rus.) 3. Bokavneva, O. V. Stylistic devices in the visual component of cartoon. Concept: philosophy, religion, culture, no. 4, pp. 156–164, 2018. (In Rus.) 4. Voskresenskii, A. D. Political systems and models of democracy in the East. M: Aspekt Press, 2007. (In Rus.) 5. Get’manenko, N. I. Prototypes and stereotypes: data of student surveys. Monitoring of public opinion: economic and social changes, no. 3, pp. 78–97, 2011. (In Rus.) 6. Get’manenko, N. I., Khokhlina, M. L., Amirova, Zh. G., Zhubanova, A., Korenovskaya, L., Armonik, L. B., Poletaeva, O. A. Stereotypical portraits and prototypical actuals: international sociocultural research experience “the peculiarities of Russian culture perception”. The World of Russian Word, no. 2, pp. 96–102, 2012. (In Rus.) 7. Gorbunova, M. Yu. Military orchestra mehter in the context of Turkish traditional culture. Cand. cult. sci. diss. M: 2018. (In Rus.) 8. Panfilova, T. V., Samarin, A. N., Zheludova, N. F. Social empathy in the perspective of intercultural communication. Conflictology, no. 4, pp. 262–281, 2016. (In Rus.) 9. Piterova, A. Yu., Teterina, E. A. Social stereotypes: features of formation and study. Science. Society. State, vol. 4, no. 1, 2016. Web: 17.03.2019. (In Rus.) 10. Popkov, V. D. Stereotypes and prejudices: their influence on the process of intercultural communication. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, no. 3, pp. 178–191, 2002. (In Rus.) 11. Silant’eva, M. V. Value potential of Christianity in front of contemporary theoretical challenges. Bulletin of the Russian Christian Academy of Humanities, t. 10, no. 2, pp. 196–206, 2009. (In Rus.) 12. Silant’eva, M. V., Shestopal, A. V. Intercultural communication. The “soft power” of cultural modulators. Resources for modernization: the possibilities and limits of the international context. Proceedings of the VII RISA Convention. M: Aspekt Press, 2012: 204–211. (In Rus.) 13. Modern Russian-Chinese relations. M: DeLi plyus, 2017. (In Rus.) 14. Sorokina, N. V. National stereotype as an interdisciplinary problem. Humanitarian vector. Series: Pedagogy, Psychology, no. 1, pp. 51–59, 2011. (In Rus.) 15. Sukhomlinova, V. V. Alternative collectivism: deep characteristics of traditional Chinese society. Manuscript, no. 9, pp. 93–99, 2018. (In Rus.) 16. Sukhomlinova, V. V. Philosophical Congress in Beijing. Concept: philosophy, religion, culture, no. 4, pp. 188–189, 2018. (In Rus.) 17. Khalil’, M. A. Axiological competence as a basis of successful cross-cultural communication. Concept: philosophy, religion, culture, no. 3, pp. 82–90, 2017. (In Rus.) 18. Chuprova, I. A. “Image” and “mental impression” of the country: the problem of demarcation of concepts. Law and Administration. XXI Century, no. 4, pp. 129–133, 2015. (In Rus.) 19. Chuprova, I. A. Communicative essence of the phenomenon of Russian pianism and its role in modern culture. Scientific research and development. Modern communication studies, no. 5, pp. 21–25, 2016. (In Rus.) 20. Chuprova, I. A. Traditions of the Moscow piano school in the intercultural dialogue between Russia and China. Cultural Studies, no. 8, pp. 67–71, 2016. (In Rus.) 21. Barkema, H. G. et al. West meets East: New concepts and theories. Academy of Management Journal, no. 2, pp. 460–479, 2015. (In Engl.) 22. Bilgin, P. Whose ‘Middle East’? Geopolitical Inventions and Practices of Security. International Relations, no. 1, pp. 25–41, 2004. (In Engl.) 23. Davison, R. H. Where is the Middle East. Foreign Affairs, vol. 38, p. 665, 1959. (In Engl.) 24. Fung, K., Craig, G. One concept: many practices. The diverse understandings of Community Development in East and South-East Asia. Community Development Journal, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2017. (In Engl.) 25. Robins, K. Interrupting Identities: Turkey/Europe. Questions of cultural identity. London: SAGE Publications Ltd., 1996: 61–86. (In Engl.) 26. Voskressensky, A. D. The eastern and western political worlds and classifications of world political systems. Is Non-western Democracy Possible? A Russian Perspective. M: School of International Relations, MGIMO University. 2017: 15–86. (In Engl.)
Full articleConceptualization of “Everyday Orientalism” Idea in Russia: Stereotypes and Prototypes