Article name Phenomenological Model of Cognition
Authors Timoschuk E.A. Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor,
Bibliographic description Timoschuk E. A. Phenomenological Model of Cognition // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 4. PP. 115–124. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-115-124
UDC 101
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-4-115-124
Article type
Annotation The relevance of the paper is conditioned by the continuing crisis of humanities. The object of cognition becomes more complex, so does the methodology, whereas the essence of man and the world eludes us in the same manner a fleet-footed Achilles cannot reach slow-moving tortoise in Zeno paradox. The purpose of the work is to present phenomenology as an adequate objective method of cognition of man, society and culture. Results of the research are the following: a critical analysis of the logical and ontic problems of cognition was carried out, a phenomenological procedure for solving them was proposed. The paper examines instruments of phenomenology as the model for describing the sociocultural socio-cultural aspects of authenticity. The object is considered in connection with the process and modal nature of being. The following aspects are of particular interest: 1) the solution of the problem of empty concepts in Ingarden’s phenomenology; 2) the multi-layer of onto-epistemological; 3) intersubjectivity as an epistemic factor. At this stage, there is a need to develop a regional phenomenology of socio-cultural objects, primarily for the interpretation of law, religion, art, education, and the protection of cultural heritage. The development of a phenomenological system for the analysis of society sustains its relevance, while binary, dichotomous approaches become counterproductive in a multicultural, dialogic sociocultural reality. Sociocultural phenomenology is closely connected with other strategies for describing society: hermeneutics (contextuality, multilayeredness), existentialism (vital world, dialogism), synergetics (constitutiveness). This is a realistic direction, which is characterized by antipsychology, anti-subjectivity, cognition of the world without intervention or dictation of any scientific theory or system, consideration of the diversity of subject entities.
Key words phenomenology, Husserl, Ingarden, life-world, intersubjectivity, modality
Article information
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