Article name “Namtar” by Milaraiba in Mongolia and Buryatia
Authors Dugarov B.S. Doctor of Philosophy, Leading Researcher,
Bibliographic description Dugarov B. S. “Namtar” by Milaraiba in Mongolia and Buryatia // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 5. PP. 152–158. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-5-152-158.
UDK 930
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-5-152-158
Article type
Annotation The article discusses “Namtar” or “Biography” by Milaraiba (1040–1123), a famous poet and yogi hermit in Tibet, whose life path associated with poetic creativity reveals a picture of the spiritual pursuits and aspirations of a person in the Buddhist Middle Ages in order to achieve nirvana. In the period of the spread of Buddhism in Mongolia at the end of the XVI ‒ beginning of the XVII centuries this work was translated into Mongolian by Gushi Zordzhi, an eminent literary translator of his time, who creatively used to translate the tradition of native literature. The publication in 1756 by the woodcut method of this translation contributed to the universal distribution in Mongolia of the “Namtar” by Milaraiba. It becomes one of the most widely read works of old Mongolian literature and has acquired a new life on Mongolian soil in the publishing and book tradition. This is evidenced by the various lists of the Mongolian translation of “Namtar” by Milaraiba, which we studied in the funds of scientific institutions and libraries of Ulan-Bator and Ulan-Ude. The widely used literary and historical comparative methods revealed the importance of “Namtar” by Milaraiba as a valuable, distinguished by realistic and artistic merit, hagiographic source on the history of Central Asian Buddhism, and also as a landmark work in the spiritual heritage of the Mongolian peoples.
Key words Milaraiba, namtar, biography, buddhism, mongolian translation, literature
Article information
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