Article
Article name General Non-utilitarian Wear on the Raw Materials from Titovskaya Sopka: Experimental Data
Authors Moroz P.V. Candidate of History, Associate Professor, frostius.81@mail.ru
Bibliographic description Moroz P. V. General Non-utilitarian Wear on the Raw Materials from Titovskaya Sopka: Experimental Data // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 6. PP. 46–56. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-6-46-56.
Heading Archeology: the origins of culture
UDC 902.2 (571.55)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-6-46-56
Article type
Annotation The article is devoted to the analysis of the results of the experiment on the transfer in a leather bag of the hornfelsed rocks, the mineral raw materials from the source Titovskaya Sopka in Eastern Transbaikalia in order to fix the total non-utilitarian wear. The experimental collection includes nine replicas of a typologically and metrically modeling appearance of the industries of the Initial Time of the Upper ‒ Middle Paleolithic Age. Carrying was in a suede bag and lasted 75 days. The result was the formation of a stable complex of traces on the artifacts, which can be characterized as total non-utilitarian wear. It includes not only micro-polishing, but also a complex of short multidirectional linear traces. The plots of non-utilitarian wear on the surface of objects have a clear dislocation. On the dorsal surface of objects, first of all the edges of negatives are modified, most intensively in the zone of intersection of three edges. On the ventral surface, areas of non-utilitarian wear are stained, mainly concentrating in the center of the surface plane. Three generations of total non-utilitarian wear are noted. The first one is short and multidirectional linear traces laid at different angles, but forming parallel directions. The second generation of wear marks is represented by a “primary”, weakly expressed micro- polishing, located on flat surface areas. The third, most illustrative stage of micro-trails in the form of the brightest micro-polishing is located in spots on the highest points of the relief on both surfaces of the replicas. The discovery of micro-traces makes it possible to investigate artifacts from any stratified sites of the Sukhotinsky geoarcheological complex for a functional component.
Key words petroarcheology, the sources of raw materials, Stone Age, Transbaikalia, Titovskaya Sopka, hornfelsed rocks
Article information
References Alkin, S. V.  Transbaikal ethnographer and archaeologist Elpidifor Innokentyevich Titov Siberia. Sibir’. Zhurnal pisatelei Rossii. no. 1. pp. 182–194, 2009. (In Rus.) Astakhov, S. N. Shurf mines for the extraction of stone raw materials in the Paleolithic at Titovskaya Sopka. Zapiski IIMK RAN Vyp. 19. SPb. pp. 13–19, 2018. (In Rus.) Girya, E.Yu. Tracks like appearance archaeological source (unpublished abstract lectures) Sledy v istorii. St. SPb: IIMK RAN, 2015: pp. 232–268 (In Rus.) Girya, E.Yu., Akimova E. V., Kharevich V. M., Stasyuk I. V.  Trove of Stone Paleolithic Tools of Pritubinsk 1 Site (South of the Krasnoyarsk region). News of Irkutsk State University. Series “Geoarchaeology. Ethnology. Anthropology”. Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya “Geoarkheologiya. Etnologiya. Antropologiya”. V. 23. pp. 24–43, 2018. (In Rus.) Girya, E. Yu., Fedorova, D. N., Stepanova, K. N., Malyutina, A. A., Kolpakov, E. M., Kulkov, A. M.  Technical equipment and research capabilities of archaeological trasology. Stratum Plus no. 1. pp. 131–145, 2019. (In Rus.) Karmanov, V. N., Girya, E.Yu. Artifacts with general non-utilitarian wear traces in the assemblage of the Eneolithic flint workshop Ugdym I b (the Middle Vychegda, Republic of Komi). Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya, no. 3, pp. 139–156, 2018. (In Rus.) Kirillov, I. I., Kasparov, A. K. Archeology of Transbaikalia. Problems and Prospects: the Paleolithic Age. Khronostratigrafiya paleolita Severnoi, Tsentral’noi i Vostochnoi Azii i Ameriki. Dokl. mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma. Novosibirsk, 1990: 194–198 (In Rus.) Konstantinov, M. V.  The Stone Age of the eastern region of Baikal Asia. Ulan-Ude – Chita: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN, 1994. (In Rus.) Moroz, P. V.  The raw material factor in the Upper and Final Paleolithic of Transbaikalia. Trudy istoricheskogo fakul’teta S.-Peterb. gos. un-ta. T. 18. Sankt-Peterburg: Izd-vo S. Peterb. gos. un-ta, 2014: 234–245. (In Rus.) Moroz, P. V.  Lithic industries at the turn of Pleistocene-Holocene in Western Trans-Baikal. Chita: «Ekspress-izdatel’stvo», 2014. (In Rus.) Moroz, P. V., Yurgenson, G. A.  Paleovolcanoes as sources of mineral raw materials in the Paleolithic of Transbaikalia. Metody izucheniya kamennykh artefaktov. Sankt-Peterburg: Institut istorii material’noi kul’tury RAN, 2015: 184–188. (In Rus.) Moroz, P. V., Yurgenson, G. A.  Application of mineral raw materials in the Paleolithic of Transbaikalia: cultural continuity or technological necessity? Stratum Plus, no. 1, pp. 65–76, 2016. (In Rus.) Moroz, P. V., Yurgenson, G. A.  Mineral raw materials of the Sukhotinsky geoarchaeological region. Stratigrafiya, paleoekologiya, kul’tury. Irkutsk: Izd-vo IGU, 7. 2018: pp. 100–105. (In Rus.) Okladnikov, A. P., Kirillov I. I. Southeastern Transbaikalia in the era of stone and early bronze. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1980. (In Rus.) The natural environment and people in the Neopleistocene (Western Transbaikalia and Southeast Baikal) Ulan-Ude: Izd-vo BNTs SO RAN, 2003. (In Rus.) Tashak, V. I., Antonova, Yu. E. Change in the composition of raw materials in the Upper Paleolithic of Transbaikalia as a reflection of the evolution of the production of stone tools (based on materials of the Sub-Vertebrate). Izvestiya laboratorii drevnikh tekhnologii, no. 7, 52–59, 2009. (In Rus.) Yurgenson G. A., Girya E. Yu., Moroz P. V. Flint raw materials of Kostenky and flints of the Russian Plain (comparison experience). Stratum Plus, no. 1, 179–192, 2012. (In Rus.)
Full articleGeneral Non-utilitarian Wear on the Raw Materials from Titovskaya Sopka: Experimental Data
Downloads0
Views8