||1. Vinkevich, G. A. Dybovski, B. I. Main stages of life and activity. Irkutsk, 1961. (In Rus.) 2. Kozhova, O. M., Shostakovich, B. S. Benedict Dybovski. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2000. (In Rus.) 3. Political exile in Siberia. Hard labor in Nerchinsk. V. 1. Novosibirsk: Sibirskiy khronograf, 1993. (In Rus.) 4. Semenov, E. V. Hard labor in Polish exiles in Sivyakovo prison in the 1860s Siberian exile. Irkutsk: Izd-vo «Ottisk». Vol. 8, pp. 340–348, 2017. (In Rus.) 5. Shostakovich, B. S. Benedict Dybovsky and his Siberian humanitarian heritage. In memory of professor Sergey Vladimirovich Shostakovich: memories and scientific articles: on the 100th anniversary of birthday. Irkutsk, 2002: 98–123. (In Rus.) 6. Shostakovich, B. S. The current state and tasks of studying the Siberian memoir-epistolary heritage of Benedict Dybovsky. Contribution of Polish scientists to the study of Eastern Siberia and Lake Baikal: Materials of International scientific-practical conference. Irkutsk – Listvenichnoe settl. Mishikha settl., 23–26 June 2011. Irkutsk, 2011: 181–186. (In Rus.) 7. Eilbart, N. V. Portraits of researchers of Transbaikalia. Second half of the XIX – beginning of the XX century. M: Nauka, 2006. (In Rus.) 8. Brzęk, G. Benedykt Dybowski. Życie i dzieło. Warszawa-Wrocław, 1994. (In Polish) 9. Chartanowicz, M. F. Działalność Benedykta Dybowskiego (na podstawie źródeł archiwalnych przechowywanych w Oddziale Sankt Peterburskim Archiwum Rosyjskiej Akademii Nauk). Polacy w nauce, gospodarce i administracji na Syberii w XIX i na początku XX wieku. Wrocław, 2007: 185–192. (In Polish) 10. Czapski, E. Pamiętniki Sybiraka. Londyn, 1964. (In Polish) 11. Janik, M. Dzieje Polaków na Syberii. Kraków, 1928. (In Polish) 12. Librowicz, Z. Polacy w Syberii. Kraków: G. Gebethner i Spółka, 1884. (In Polish) 13. Pamiętnik dra Benedykta Dybowskiego od roku 1862 zacząwszy do roku 1878. Lwów: Wydawnictwo Zakładu Narodowego imienia Ossolińskich, 1930. (In Polish) 14. Szostakowicz, B. Przegląd spuścizny Benedykta Dybowskiego dotyczącej Syberii. Przegląd Wschodni, t. I, z. I, pp. 180–192, 1991. (In Polish) 15. Timofiejewa, M. Prace kolekcjonerskie i badawcze polskich powstańców 1863 r. w Zabajkalu. Studia i materaiły do dziejów nauki polskiej. Ser. C. 1978: 41–56. (In Polish)
||The article discusses the issues of Benedict Dybovsky’s stay in hard labor in the territory of Eastern Transbaikalia. The author considers B. Dybovsky’s arrival in Transbaikalia, distributing him to the Sivyakovsky prison building, establishing contacts with the regional administration and local residents, transferring the scientist to Darasun and exiling to the settlement. The relevance of the topic being developed lies in the fact that although the life and work of B. Dybovsky has been quite fully studied, there remain some points that need to be specified. The author, based on an analysis of archival documents of the State Archive of the Trans-Baikal Territory and the scientist’s memoirs, reconstructs the main points of B. Dybovsky’s stay in Sivyakovo and Darasun. As a result of the analysis of the memorial heritage of Polish political exiles who were in the Trans-Baikal region during the period under review, and archival documents of the State Archive of the Trans-Baikal Region, it was possible to study the conditions for serving hard labor by Polish political exiles in Sivyakovo, their living conditions and relations among the exiles. The time spent by B. Dybovsky in Transbaikalia played a large role in his further research work and influenced his decision to relieve his professional and scientific life with Transbaikalia region and the Far East after his release from hard labor. Despite the fact that formally B. Dybovsky was in hard labor, in fact the scientist was freed from work and had relative freedom of movement. All this allowed him to make the most fruitful use of time and the opportunities provided for studying the nature of Transbaikalia. The result of the study was the establishment and concretization of some facts of B. Dybovsky’s stay in Sivyakovo and Darasun, as well as his scientific activity on the basis of archival documents and memoirs of the scientist.