Article name Marriage and Family in Mongolian: a Brief Historical and Legal Review
Authors Tsypilova S.S. Candidate of History,
Bibliographic description Tsypilova S. S. Marriage and Family in Mongolian: a Brief Historical and Legal Review // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 6. PP. 136–140. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-6-136-140.
UDK 93/94
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-6-136-140
Article type
Annotation The article is devoted to the study of two Mongolian laws in the field of family law: the Family Code of 1973 and the Family Law of 1999. The relevance of the topic is undeniable. Healthy and full of family at all times is an important condition for a peaceful and stable development of the society and the state. Both Mongolian laws reflect the nature of state policy regarding the institution of the family at different stages of the country’s development. Mongolian family laws in the socialist and post-socialist periods were analyzed. Chronological and comparative-historical research methods were applied. The author concludes that the Mongolian family law was formed on the basis of the needs of social and state development. The Family Code of 1973 continued the state policy to provide women with equal rights and opportunities in the family sphere. Protection of motherhood and childhood was carried out by the state. The family played an important role in the spread of communist ideology. The Family Law of 1999 largely preserved the features of socialist law. At the same time, new articles were introduced that met the requirements of the new era. Definitions are given of the basic concepts used in the law. The article was about the need for medical examination for pairs getting married. The innovation was the possibility of concluding a marriage contract between spouses, regulating property relations. Regulation and development of family law in modern Mongolia continues to reflect the changes of the family structure, family and social values.
Key words Mongolia, family, children, marriage, family code
Article information
References Gureeva, N. P. Some issues of the development of constitutionalism in Mongolia. Web. 20.06.2019 18.09.2019. (In Rus.) Daramzagdyn, Oyuun. Family culture of modern Mongolia. Cand. sci. diss. Ulan-Ude, 2005. (In Rus.) Dugarova, S. Zh. The regulation of marriage and family relations in medieval Mongolia. Nauka Krasnoyar’ya, no. 2, pp. 23–34, 2016. (In Rus.) Dudin, P. N. The genesis of Mongolian law and its interaction with Chinese law (XIII-beginning of the XX century). Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, no. 1, pp. 21–36, 2016. (In Rus.) History of Mongolia. XX century M: IV RAN, 2007. (In Rus.) Oyuunchimeg, T. The genesis of the legal system of Mongolia. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii, no. 4, pp. 80–83, 2007. (In Rus.) Tsypilova, S. S. Women’s issue in the state policy of Mongolia (1924–2000s). Ulan-Ude, 2015. (In Rus.) Yurkovskii, A. V. On the legal system of Mongolia, no. 22, pp. 36–38, 2008. (In Rus.) Oyuun-Erdene, B. The Mongolian family structure is characterized by the style and nature of the relationship. Proceedings of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences, no. 3, pp. 37–49, 2012. (In Mong.) Dugarova, E. The family in a new social contract: the case of Russia, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. Research Paper, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development. Geneva, 2016. (In Engl.) Dugarova, S. Zh., Dymbrylova, I. E. The genesis of Mongolian private law. Wschodnioeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe (East European Scientific Journal), vol. 2, pp. 119–123, 2017. (In Engl.) Gerelsuren, N., Erdenechimeg, J. Mongolian women in health and development. Gender, Health, and Sustainable Development, vol. 23, p. 41, 1995. (In Engl.) Ginsburgs, G. The Mongolian Legal System: Contemporary Legislation and Documentation. WE Butler. Translations from Mongolian: AJ Nathanson. Translations from Russian: WE Butler. The Hague/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1982. International Journal of Legal Information, no. 5–6, pp. 281–284, 1983. (In Engl.) Qiang, L. I. U. On the Social Position of Mongolian Women during Meng and Yuan Period. Journal of Liaoning University (Philosophy and Social Science Edition), no. 3, p. 20, 2008. (In Engl.) Zhao, G. Q. Marriage as political strategy and cultural expression, Mongolian royal marriages from World Empire to Yuan dynasty. Dis. National Library of Canada, 2001. (In Engl.)
Full articleMarriage and Family in Mongolian: a Brief Historical and Legal Review