||The article explores the process of rethinking the heritage of World War II in Austrian literature of the second half of the twentieth century. We show that this issue has become leading in the work of the group of Austrian playwrights “Schocktheater”, who wrote plays aimed at awakening the public, changing people’s views on social problems and outstanding authors, laureate of the Nobel Prize for Literature Elfrida Jelinek and novelist Christoph Ransmire. The paper provides an overview of the cultural and political events of the 1980s that influenced the choice of subjects and problems of texts of that time. On the example of novels by Chr. Ransmair “The Last World” and El. Jelinek “Wonderful, wonderful times”, we show how each of the authors in his own unique way embodies the realities of modern Austria, discussing the pressing problems of modernity (the legacy of Nazism and the attitude of different generations to it, the problem of “fathers and children” , a poet and a government, an art and a state as eternal and temporary ...). The main theme uniting the writers’ work is the theme of the Austrian “oblivion” of their own Nazi past, which leads to both global and personal catastrophes. Artists are trying to answer the key questions of our time – what is the reason for the stability of totalitarianism, the attractiveness of the ideas of violence, cruelty, covering the future of human civilization. The authors warn people who believe in their right to control the fate of other people at their own discretion. When a “man with an ax” is appointed a prophet, he destroys everything in his path that does not fit into his idea of what is due. A civilization that has advanced the principle of violence as one of the proofs of the significance of human destiny is doomed.
Afonasin, E. Antique Gnosticism. Fragments and evidence. Sankt Peterburg: Izdatelstvo Olega Abyshko, 2002. (In Rus.)
Valcer, T. Templ S. Our Vien. “Ariisation” by Austians. M: Mosty kultury, 2017. (In Rus.)
Zhirar, R. Scapegoat. Sankt-Peterburg: ID Ivana Limbaxa, 2010. (In Rus.)
Kovtun, N. V. Reality and text in prose of the late 20th century: “The last world” by Chr. Ransmayr and “The Slynx” by T. Tolstaya. Crisis of liteocentrism. Loss of identity. New abilities. M: Flinta, 2014: 69–94. (In Rus.)
Kovtun, N. V., Larina, M. V. The phenomenon of the carnivalization in the novel by Crh. Ransmayr “The last world”. Sibirskiy filologicheskiy forum, pp. 33–45, no. 2, vol. 6, 2019. (In Rus.)
Kristeva, Y. Forces of Horror: Disgust Essay. Sankt Peterburg: Aletejya, 2003. (In Rus.)
Kuchumova, G. “Disruptive” strategy for the destruction of myths in the novels by E. Jelinek. Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, pp. 28–35, no. 4, 2009. (In Rus.)
Plenkov, O. What remains of Hitler? Germany’s historical guilt and political repentance. Sankt Peterburg: Vladimir Dal’, 2019. (In Rus.)
Yakimovich, A. Madame Gaillard’s Pension or Madness of the Mind: The Problem of Totalitarianism at the End of the 20th Century. Inostrannaya literatura, pp. 226–236, no. 4, 1992. (In Rus.)
Yarina, E. The plot-compositional originality and genre nature of the novel by E. Jelinek “Wonderful, wonderful times”. Lingua mobilis, pp. 497–503, no. 3, 2009. (In Rus.)
Epple, T. Christoph Ransmayr, Die letzte Welt. Munchen: Oldenbourg, 1992. (In Germ.).
Holmes, A. Transformations of the Magical Real: Ransmayr and Garcia Marquez. Canadian Review of Camparative Literature, 2002. Web. 26.11.2019. https://journals.library.ualberta.ca/crcl/index.php/crcl/article/download/10786/8343 (). (In Engl.).
Gallagher, D. Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” and the transformation of methamorphosis in Cristoph Ransmayr’s novel “Die letzte Welt”. London: Department of German University of London, Royal Hollway: Center of Ausrtian Studies, 2007. Web. 19.11.2019. https://conservancy.umn.edu/bitstream/handle/11299/90515/WP072.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. (In Engl.)
Гуманитарный вектор. 2020. Т. 15, № 1 Игра в бисер: скрытые смыслы текста
Gottwald, H. Mythos und Mystisches in der Gegenwartsliteratur: Studien zu Christoph Ransmayr, Peter Handke, Botho Strauß, George Steiner, Patrick Roth und Robert Schneider. Stuttgart, Verlag Hans-Dieter Heinz, 1996. (In Germ.)
Kovtun, N. The boundaries of literariness: image of the world as a book in the European prose of the late 20th century (through the example of the novel by Christoph Ransmayr “The last world”). Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities and social sciences, pp. 854–864, no. 5, 2014. (In Engl.)
Kovtun, N. On the Ruins of the “Crystal Palace” or the Fate of Russian Utopia in the Classical Era (N. G. Chernyshevsky, F. M. Dostoevsky, M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin). Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities and Social Sciences, pp. 1045–1057, no. 7, 2011. (In Engl.)
Wittstock, U. Die Erfindung der Welt: zum Werk von Christoph Ransmayr. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 1997. (In Germ.)
Wittstock, U. Zentrum und Peripherie: Christoph Ransmayr. Nach der Moderne. Essay zur deutschen Gegenwartsliteratur in zwoelf Kapiteln ueber elf Autoren. Goettingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2009: 122–136. (In Germ.)