Article name The Relationships of “Fathers” and “Sons” in Merchant Families of Tula Province in the Second Half of the XIXth Century
Authors Lobacheva I. . Candidate of History,
Bibliographic description Lobacheva I. N. The Relationships of “Fathers” and “Sons” in Merchant Families of Tula Province in the Second Half of the XIXth Century // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 3. PP. 100–109. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-3-100-109.
UDK 93/94(470.312)(075.4)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-3-100-109
Article type
Annotation The article is devoted to the analysis of intergenerational relationships in the merchant families of Tula province. This subject remains a relatively understudied chapter of history of everyday life of such a social group as merchants. Turning towards it allows the researcher to obtain the data necessary to build up a comprehensive picture for the everyday life of the population of the Russian Empire provincial cities. The main sources for creating the article were the texts of the wills of the merchants and documents of management and record keeping. Most of the sources have been introduced into scientific use for the first time. The study is based on local-historical and historical-anthropological approaches. In the process of sources processing, comparative and general logical methods were used. The article reflects analysis of typical patterns of property distribution between the heirs. The main methods by which the merchants tried to protect their capital from being embezzled by their children were identified. The article shows the causes for the conflicts of parents and children reflected in wills and reveals their possible reasons and methods of settlement. The factors of family relations specific to the merchants are indicated in the article. The author reconstructs the image of an ideal family, according to the ideas of the studied social group, noting its inconsistency. The article contains conclusions on the significant potential of wills as a source for studying the history of everyday life, the readiness of “parents” to seek reconciliation with “children” in the event of serious conflicts.
Key words everyday life, family, provincial merchants, post-reform period
Article information
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Full articleThe Relationships of “Fathers” and “Sons” in Merchant Families of Tula Province in the Second Half of the XIXth Century