Article
Article name Moral Luck as a Normative Challenge
Authors Shevchenko A.A. Doctor of Philosophy, shev@philosophy.nsc.ru
Bibliographic description Shevchenko A. A. Moral Luck as a Normative Challenge // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 4. PP. 68–74. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-4-68-74.
Section AXIOLOGY OF CULTURE
UDK 17.01
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-4-68-74
Article type
Annotation Chance and luck permeate our lives. They can be explained differently ‒ as the will of gods, the violation of a cause-effect relationship, the distribution of probabilities, a win in a natural or social lottery. Since the mid- 1970s the problem of “moral luck” has occupied an important place in philosophical discussions about the nature of moral normativity, the criteria for moral responsibility, and the connection between the rational and the moral in the justification of human actions. The article contains a brief analysis of the main approaches to the problem of moral luck and argues for the advantages of an “epistemic” solution, which allows mitigating the inconsistencies of our intuitions regarding moral luck. This approach also maintains the status of morality as a supreme normative system, interpreting the “luckiness” of a moral subject as the outcome of a set of moral and cognitive characteristics. This allows us to provide rational explanations of moral choice, and to better understand the subsequent attribution of responsibility. In addition, such an “epistemic” approach allows analyzing the problems of moral and epistemic luck as some unity in the general framework of virtue epistemology. On the whole, the problem of moral luck is regarded as a serious philosophical challenge, calling into question the customary rational foundations of moral normativity. The author concludes that it is possible to meet this challenge on the basis of traditional understanding of moral agency as a set of moral and cognitive features (ethical and dianoethical virtues).
Key words moral luck, moral subject, normativity, rationality, epistemic luck, virtue epistemology
Article information
References 1. Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Works in 4 volumes. V. 4. M: Izd-vo “Mysl”, 1984: 53–295. (In Rus.) 2. Kant, I. Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. Works in 6 volumes. Vol. 4 [1]. M: Izd-vo “Mysl”, 1965: 219–310. (In Rus.) 3. Karpovich, V. N., Shevchenko, A. A. Rationality and Normativity, Belief and Knowledge. Bulletin of Novosibirsk State University, no. 2, pp. 16–23, 2013. (In Rus.) 4. Nagel, T. Moral Luck. Logos, no. 1, pp. 174–187, 2008. (In Rus.) 5. Anderson, M. Moral Luck as Moral Lack of Control. The Southern Journal of Philosophy, vol. 57, pp. 5–29, 2019. (In Engl.) 6. Chisholm, R. M. Theory of Knowledge. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1989. (In Engl.) 7. Gettier, E. Is Justified True Belief Knowledge? Analysis, no. 23, pp. 121–123, 1963. (In Engl.) 8. Hales, D. A Problem for Moral Luck. Philosophical Studies, no. 172, pp. 2385– 2403, 2015. (In Engl.) 9. Hartman, R. J. In Defense of Moral Luck: Why Luck Often Affects Praiseworthiness and Blameworthiness. Routledge, 2017. (In Engl.) 10. Prichard, D. Moral and Epistemic Luck. Metaphilosophy, no. 1, pp. 1–25, 2006. (In Engl.) 11. Rescher, N. Moral Luck. Moral Luck. Daniel Statman (Ed.). N.Y: State University of N. Y. Press, 1993: 141–166. (In Engl.) 12. Schinkel, A. The Problem of Moral Luck: An Argument Against its Epistemic Reduction. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, no. 12, pp. 267–277, 2009. (In Engl.) 13. Williams, B. Moral Luck. Moral Luck. Daniel Statman (Ed.). N.Y: State University of N. Y. Press, 1993: 35–55. (In Engl.) 14. Williams, B. Postscript. Moral Luck. Daniel Statman (Ed.). N.Y: State University of N. Y. Press, 1993: 251–258. (In Engl.) 15. Zagzebsky, L. Virtues of the Mind: An Inquiry into the Nature of Virtue and the Ethical Foundations of Knowledge. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996. (In Engl.)
Full articleMoral Luck as a Normative Challenge
0
8