||The transition to a polycentric world is accompanied by increased competition among the major world
civilizations, the desire of the West to maintain its dominance through the imposition of its values on subjects
of other cultures and the suppression of their traditional identity. Preservation of cultural identity ensures the
safety of cultural and historical types, creates the prerequisites for their sustainable development. The fate of the future of our planet is largely connected with the fate of Russian civilization, the prospects of which depend on
the strengthening of the cultural and civilizational identity of its representatives. Among the features of Russian
civilization, the authors attribute the continuity of cultural achievements of various periods of its existence, its
recognition by the subjects of the victors in the Great Patriotic War, the first conquerors of space and peaceful
atom, the creators of world-class art. The future of Russia as the pivotal country of Russian civilization is directly
related to efforts to uphold the basic values of its culture, protect its cultural and historical heritage, counteract
the falsification of its history, and nurture the best traditions of its people. Despite the existence of a number of
works devoted to the problems considered in the article, the concept of cultural and civilizational identity needs
not only clarification, but also a philosophical rethinking. Based on the analysis of the correlation of the concepts
of cultural, civilizational and cultural-civilizational identities, their author’s interpretation is proposed and justified.
Particular attention is paid to revealing the features of the culture of Russian civilization, substantiating the
positive significance for its strengthening the continuity of cultural achievements, achievements and deeds of
representatives of various historical periods of its existence.
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