Article name Relations Between the Soviet Government and the Technical Intelligentsia in 1917–1919
Authors Shevtsov V.V. Doctor of History, Professor,
Vyachisty D.D. Master Student,
Bibliographic description Shevtsov V. V., Vyachisty D. D. Relations Between the Soviet Government and the Technical Intelligentsia in 1917–1919 // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 6. PP. 23–33. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-23-33.
UDK 323.329(47+57)”1917/1919”
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-23-33
Article type
Annotation The article presents an overview of the political measures of the Soviet government to marginalize the socio-professional group of technical intelligentsia in 1917–1919. The article describes the process of forming the attitude of the Soviet government to the social group of technical specialists in the conditions of the accomplished October revolution and the Civil war in the country. The political writings of V. I. Lenin as the leader of the Bolshevik party and the head of the country regarding the place of technical specialists in the social space of обращеthe new state were characterized. The motives of the authorities in implementing a change in the social status of technical specialists were identified. Through the use of the historical-genetic method, the study analyzes the consecutive statements of V. I. Lenin regarding this socio-professional group was carried out. As a result of this, the periodization of the development of their relationships was constructed. The construction of such a chronology is relevant, because it makes possible to assess the motives of the actions of the Bolshevik government from the point of view of a specific goal setting, not from the standpoint of the class struggle, but in the search for the most effective way to overcome it. At the beginning, the authorities tried to create pragmatic relations with engineers, but seeing their refusal to cooperate, they took a course to stigmatize and marginalize them as a social group. As a result of this discrediting, the only buyer of their services became the Soviet government, using them centrally in the most important fields of production and economy. The authorities were forced to abandon further marginalization in the face of the difficult situation on Civil war, the small number of remaining specialists and the low efficiency of their work. In this regard, the process of rehabilitation of engineers was initiated, authorized by V. I. Lenin at the VIII Congress of the Bolshevik party. The head of state in a short period managed to organize a campaign to discredit the specialists, after which they were forced to abandon the anti-Soviet rhetoric and begin to integrate into society on the terms proposed by the Bolsheviks.
Key words engineers, technical specialists, intellectuals, V. I. Lenin, Bolsheviks, class struggle
Article information
References 1. Anikeev, V. V. Activities of the Central Committee of the RSDLP(b) – RCP(b) in 1917–1918 (chronicle of events). M: Mysl’, 1974. (In Rus) 2. Bejlin, A. E Staff of specialists of the USSR, their formation and growth. M: Soyuzorguchet, 1935. (In Rus) 3. Volkov, S. V. The tragedy of Russian officers. M: Centropoligraf, 2001. (In Rus) 4. Volchkevich, I. L. Essays on the history of the Moscow higher technical school. M: MGTU im. N. E. Baumana, 2016. (In Rus) 5. Dobrynina, M. V. Post-revolutionary policy of Soviet Russia in relation to engineering education: the struggle of political romantics and socio-economic pragmatists. Management issue, no. 3, pp. 16–26, 2019. (In Rus) 6. Emtyl’, Z. Y. Political course of the Soviet government in relation to the old intelligentsia (the 1917s–1920s). Theory and practice of social development, no. 4, pp. 234–238, 2010. (In Rus) 7. Zolotarev, O. V. The NEP, the government and the intelligentsia. Bulletin of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University. Series: Humanities and social Sciences, no. 3, pp. 5–13, 2019. (In Rus) 8. Kalinin, I. V. The practice of selecting managerial personnel in the period 1917–1924. Acmeology, no. 3, pp. 37–44, 2004. (In Rus) 9. Nikolaev, A.N Formation and transformation of the Soviet technocratic elite. Technologos, no. 2, pp. 83–95, 2018. (In Rus) 10. O’Konnor, Timoti Edvard. Engineer of the revolution: L. B. Krasin and the Bolsheviks, 1870–1926. M: Nauka, 1972. (In Rus) 11. Slominskaya, E. V. Theoretical and methodological issues of studying the Russian technical intelligentsia. Izvestiya TulGU. Humanitarian sciences, no. 1, pp. 211–224, 2011. (In Rus) 12. Slominskaya, E. V. Technical intelligentsia in Russian historical science in the first post-October decade (1917–1927). Izvestiya TulGU. Humanitarian sciences, no. 2, pp. 184–195, 2011. (In Rus) 13. Fedyukin, S. A. Great October and the intelligentsia: from the history of the involvement of the old intelligentsia in the construction of socialism. M: Nauka, 1972. (In Rus) 14. Shcherbakova, O. M. V. I. Grinevetsky on the ways of development of the country in 1918 (to the centenary of the book “Post-War prospects of Russian industry”). Bulletin of the Moscow State Regional University, no. 2, pp. 115–125, 2018. (In Rus) 15. Mandel, D. The Intelligentsia and the October Revolution // Historical materialism. 2017. 31 August. Web. 14.07.2020. (In Engl.)
Full articleRelations Between the Soviet Government and the Technical Intelligentsia in 1917–1919