Article
Article name Family Life of Poles in Western Siberia in the Second Half of the 19th – Early 20th Century
Authors Goncharov Y.M. Doctor of History, Professor, yuriig@yandex.ru
Dmitrieva L.M. Doctor of Philology, Professor, dmitrlm@mail.ru
Bibliographic description Goncharov Yu. M., Dmitrieva L. M. Family Life of Poles in Western Siberia in the Second Half of the 19th – Early 20th Century // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 6. PP. 81–90. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-81-90.
Section HISTORY OF EVERYDAY LIFE: EVENTS AND DESTINIES
UDK 94(571)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-81-90
Article type
Annotation The article is devoted to the family life of the Poles in Siberia in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century. The relevance of the research topic is due to the weak study of the history of family life of the Poles in pre-revolutionary Siberia, as well as the importance of the family institution in society. The Poles in Siberia were a specific national-confessional group. Their family life was greatly influenced by the formation of the Polish community in the region, as well as local social and demographic characteristics. The aim of this work is to examine the features of formation of family building and family life of poles in Western Siberia in the second half of the 19th – early of the 20th century, given the social circumstances in the region. The methodological basis of the research is the concept of frontier existence of cultures and the theory of modernization. Exiles who came to Siberia for many years tried to live a full life: they got married, children were born and brought up. The difficulties of life in the harsh region, especially significant for exiles, forced them to look for support, first, in family members and relatives, since family cooperation helped them survive. The demographic characteristics of Polish families during this period were significantly specific in contrast to other national groups. The prevalence of mixed marriages of the Poles with representatives of other Christian denominations in post-reform Siberia indicates the intensity of ethno-cultural interactions. In the resulting ethnic-mixed families, in most cases, a combination of elements of the spiritual culture of various peoples of the region was found. At the same time, religious issues usually receded into the background. Children raised in such families perceived a respectful attitude to their parents’ past, to their origin, and national and religious tolerance was developed in family life.
Key words Siberia, family, the Poles, community, diaspora, demography, everyday life
Article information
References 1. Anisimov, S. Historical city of Yalutorovsk. Moscow: Publishing house of All-Union society of political prisoners, 1930. (In Rus.) 2. Marriage and family: Demographic aspect. Moscow: Statistics, 1975. (In Rus.) 3. Giza, A. Memoirs of Stanislav Palinsky as a material for the history of the exile of poles to Eastern Siberia at the turn of the XIX–XX centuries. In Siberian-Polish history and modernity. Irkutsk, 2001: 80–81. (In Rus.) 4. Goncharov, Yu. M. Urban family of Siberia in the second half of the XIX – early XX century. Barnaul: ASU, 2002. (In Rus.) 5. Karikh, E. V. Interethnic relations in Western Siberia in the process of its economic development of the XIX – early XX century. Tomsk: publishing house of the Tomsk University, 2004. (In Rus.) 6. Komarova, O. D. Demographic aspects of studying the family. In Family: traditions and modernity. Moscow: RAS, 1990: 240–255. (In Rus.) 7. Mainicheva, A. Yu. Polish settlers in the Tomsk province (middle of the XIX century). Web. 16.10.2020. http://www.zaimka.ru/to_sun/maynich3.shtml. (In Rus.) 8. Maksimov, S. V. Siberia and Exile. Saint Petersburg: Publishing house of V. I. Gubinsky, 1900. (In Rus.) 9. Mitina, N. P. In the depth of Siberian ores. To the centenary of the uprising of Polish exiles on the Circum-Baikal tract. M: Nauka, 1966. (In Rus.) 10. Nam, I. V. The formation of ethnodispersion groups in the population of Siberia in the XIX – early of the XX century. In American and Siberian frontier. Tomsk: TSU, 1997: 182–191. (In Rus.) 11. Nikulina, I. N. On the question of the stay of Polish political exiles in the Altai in the 1860s. In Actual problems of the history of Siberia. Proceedings of the 3th Scientific Conference in memory of Professor A. P. Borodavkin. Barnaul: ASU, 2002: 180–181. (In Rus.) 12. Oplakanskaya, R. V. From the history of the formation of the Tomsk Roman Catholic parish in the second quarter of the XIX century. In Questions of the history of Siberia of the XX century, no. 5, pp. 24–37, 2001. (In Rus.) 13. Oplakanskaya, R. V. Zemlyachestva of the Poles in Siberia as a factor of preserving national identity in a different ethno-cultural environment (the first half of the XIX century). In Siberian melting pot: socio-demographic processes in Northern Asia of the XVI – early XX century. Novosibirsk: Siberian chronograph, 2004: 123–137. (In Rus.) 14. Ostrovsky, L. K. The number, composition and placement of Polish political exiles in Siberia (mid-1890s – 1917). In Socio-economic relations and class struggle in Siberia of the pre-October period. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987: 143–146. (In Rus.) 15. Ostrovsky, L. K. Poles in Western Siberia at the end of the XIX – first quarter of the XX century. Dr. hist. sci. diss. Novosibirsk, 2015. (In Rus.) 16. Podlevskikh, L. G. Gender aspect in the study of the history of Polish political exile in the Russian Empire in 1860–70s. In Women’s everyday life in Russia in the XVIII–XX centuries. Tambov: TSU publishing house, 2003: 29–32. (In Rus.) 17. Titova, T. G. Catholic educational institutions in Western Siberia (late of the XIX – early of the XX century). In My Siberia: questions of regional history and historical education. Novosibirsk: NGPU, 2002: 53–64. (In Rus.) 18. Shostakovich, B. S. History of the Poles in Siberia (XVII–XIX centuries). Irkutsk: Irkutsk University, 1995. (In Rus.) 19. Shulbaev, O. N. Political exile in the Minusinsk district (1825–1895). Cand. hist. sci. diss. Abakan, 2000. (In Rus.) 20. Yangel, T. Ya. Christian mixed marriages. In Siberian-Polish history and modernity: Topical issues. Irkutsk, 2001: 176–178. (In Rus.) 21. Gonczarow, Jurij M. Polska rodzina na Syberii w połowine XIX i na początku XX wieku. Zesłaniec, no. 29, ss. 33–48, 2007. (In Pol.) 22. Kats, N., Storella, C. Jews, Germans, and the Poles in Siberia: New Research in the Study of the Siberian Population in the 19th – Early 20th Centuries. New historical Bulletin, no. 1, pp. 181–194, 2018. (In Eng.) 23. Skubniewski, W. A. Polacy na Syberii w świetle materriałóspisu powszechnego z 1897 r. Wrocławskie Studia Wschodnie, no. 3, pp. 73–82, 1999. (In Pol.) 24. Shaidurov, V. N. On the Emerging Polish Diaspora and its Development in Siberia in the First Half of the 19th Century. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, no. 9, pp. 2496–2506, 2016. (In Eng.) 25. Shaidurov, V. N. The Siberian Polonia in the Second Half of the 19th – Early 20th Century in the Polish Historiography. Przegląd Wschodnioeuropejski, no. VIII, pp. 11–21, 2017. (In Eng.) 26. Shaidurov, V. The Polish community in Western Siberia: Adaption and integration features in the second half of the 19th century. Acta Histriae, is. 2, pp. 641–660, 2018. DOI 10.19233/AH.2018.26. (In Eng.)
Full articleFamily Life of Poles in Western Siberia in the Second Half of the 19th – Early 20th Century
0
5