Article name The Foreign Press about the Change of Attitude of Soviet Power to Orthodoxy in 1943 (According to TASS)
Authors Drobotushenko E.V. Candidate of History, Associate Professor,
Bibliographic description Drobotushenko E. V. The Foreign Press about the Change of Attitude of Soviet Power to Orthodoxy in 1943 (According to TASS) // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 6. PP. 162–171. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-162-171.
UDK 93/94;2-674;322.2
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-162-171
Article type
Annotation The article analyzes a selection of materials of the foreign press, made by the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) in 1943 on the reaction to the change in the attitude of the Soviet government to the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC). It is presented in one of the files of the state archive of the Russian Federation (SARF). In the collection mentioned, there are notes and articles of various editions of the countries of Europe, and also the States of North and South America, Africa, Australia. The claimed problems have not been seriously analyzed from the scientific point of view so far. The author notes that the negative and positive assessments of the transformation of the religious policy of the USSR were clearly divided into the two camps: the countries that supported the USSR in 1943 and the countries that had opposite views. The rhetoric of the press in the United States, Canada and England differed significantly from that one in Europe as a whole, and even more in Nazi Germany, Italy and Romania. The press of countries that were far away from the events, for example, the States of South America or Australia, reflected a neutral attitude to what was happening. Against this background, all actions of the Soviet authorities were assessed as superficial, temporary, and “fake”. According to the critics, they were forced. In reality, there was no question of freedom of religion in the USSR. In turn, the press of the allied countries relatively highly appreciated the changes in the policy of the Soviet state. It is obvious that the problems stated in the title of the article require further serious scientific analysis, which implies a large volume of work with foreign media of the time under consideration and with archival sources.
Key words religion, Orthodoxy, freedom of religion, Patriarch, Council for the Affairs of the Russian Orthodox Church, mass media
Article information
References 1. Amasiyskiy, Nikolay Vasil’evich. New martyrs and Confessors of the Russian Orthodox Church of the XX century. Web. 21.12.2019. (In Rus.) 2. Bazanov, P. N., Bardeyeva, A. I., Bryankina, E. A., Shumova, V. P. Publishing activity of Delhians. Bulletin of the Saint Petersburg State University of Culture and Arts, no. 1, pp. 162–175, 2006. (In Rus.) 3. Vasil’eva, O. Yu. The Russian Orthodox Church in the politics of the Soviet state in 1943–1948. M. Russian Academy of Sciences. Institute of Russian history, 1999. (In Rus.) 4. Kornilov, A. A. The rebel Bishop of the twentieth century. Retz.: Gavrilin A. V. Under the cover of the Tikhvin icon. Pastoral way John (Garklavs). SPb: Alaborg; Tikhvin: Publishing service of the Tikhvin monastery, 2009. (Series “Wanderings of the miraculous”). Bulletin of the Orthodox St. Tikhon’s state-manitarian University. History of The Russian Orthodox Church, no. 2, pp. 145–149, 2014. (In Rus.) 5. Kurlandsky, I. A. Power and religious organizations in the USSR (1939–1953). Historical essays. Saint Petersburg: Petroglyph, 2019. (In Rus.) 6. Nazarov, M. V. Stalin creates the Moscow Patriarchate. Publishing House of t,he Russian Idea. Web. 17.12.2019. (In Rus.) 7. Petrov, I. V. Election of the Patriarch in Moscow in 1943: propaganda response on the other side of the front. Proceedings of the historical faculty of St. Petersburg University, no. 21, pp. 220–231, 2015. (In Rus.) 8. Petrov, I. V. The election of a Patriarch in Moscow in 1943: reaction in the Baltic region. Patriarch Sergius and Church-state relations in the XX century: a difficult path to cooperation. All-Russian scientific and practical conference with international participation. Arzamas: Arzamas branch of Nizhny Novgorod state University, 2017: 44–54. (In Rus.) 9. Pospelovskiy, D. V. Russian Orthodox Church in the XX century. M: Publishing House of The Republic, 1995. (In Rus.) 10. Tsoya, S. A. Historiography of the history of Orthodoxy in Latvia (Short essay). Journal of Russian and Eastern European historical research, no. 4, pp. 162–199, 2017. (In Rus.) 11. Tsypin Vladislav, protoiyerey. History of the Russian Church. 1917–1997. M: Spaso-Preobrazhensky Valaam monastery, Orthodox encyclopedia, 1997. (In Rus.) 12. Shkarovskiy, M. V. The Russian Orthodox Church and the Soviet state in 1943–1964. SPb: Dean+Adia, 1995. (In Rus.) 13. Shkarovskiy, M. V. Russian Orthodox Church under Stalin and Khrushchev. Book 24. Moscow: Publishing house of the Krutitsky Patriarchal farmstead, 1999. (In Rus.) 14. Shkarovskiy, M. Stalin’s religious policy and the Russian Orthodox Church in 1943–1953. Acta Slavica Iaponica, vol. 27, pp. 1–27, 2009. (In Rus.) 15. Pospielovsky, D. The Russian Church under the Soviet Regime 1917–1982. 2 vol. New York: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 1984. (In Engl.) 16. Shkarovskiy, M. Die Kirchenpolitik des Dritten Reiches gegenüber den orthodoxen Kirchen in Osteuropa (1939–1945). Münster: LIT Verlag, 2004. (In German) 17. Zernov, N. The Russian Religious Renaissance of the XX London: Century, Harper & Row Harper & Row, Great Britain, 1963. (In Engl.) 18. Zernov, N. The Russian and Their Church. London: James Clarke & Co. Ltd, 1978. (In Engl.)
Full articleThe Foreign Press about the Change of Attitude of Soviet Power to Orthodoxy in 1943 (According to TASS)