Article
Article name Mongolian Studies in the USSR During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945
Authors Polyanskaya O.N. Candidate of History, PolGrab@mail.ru
Bibliographic description Polyanskaya O. N. Mongolian Studies in the USSR During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945 // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 6. PP. 180–188. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-180-188.
Section ARCHEOGRAPHY: CULTURAL CODES OF ASIA
UDK 947.085
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-6-180-188
Article type
Annotation The article is devoted to the history of Mongolian studies in the USSR during the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945. This research is based on the correspondence of the leading Russian specialists in Mongolian studies of the early 20th century N. N. Poppe and V. L. Kotvich, who successfully continued their research work in the 1920s–1940s. The paper makes reference to letters from the Polish Academy of Learning (Krakow) that contain aims of Soviet Mongolian studies, a work plan for 1941 and the scientific results of Mongolian cabinet of the USSR Institute of Oriental studies of the Academy of Sciences in the 1930s. It also focuses on memoirs by Lydia Leonidovna Viktorova published in 2003 as an important source for studying the activities and personal qualities of the Orientalists of the stated period. Lydia Leonidovna was a participant of the Great Patriotic War (an interpreter ‒ 1943–1944), a lecturer of Mongolian Philology Department and the Faculty of Oriental Studies at Leningrad State University (since 1956). She was a student of that faculty during the war (1945–1948) and in the first post-war years (1945–1948). The analysis of the correspondence makes it possible to conclude that the evacuated Institute of Oriental Studies continued its work in Tashkent, focusing mainly on the requirements put forward by the war. Mongolian studies were given renewed momentum in Buryat-Mongolian Research Institute of Language, Literature and History, Buryat-Mongolian Pedagogical Institute in Ulan-Ude, as well as in Irkutsk State University. As a result of evacuation and reorganization of the country’s central universities during the Great Patriotic War, leading orientalists, specialists in history and linguistics came to work in the national republics of the USSR and Siberia. The article reflects the wartime activity of such specialists in Mongolian studhttpрабоies as S. A. Kozin, T. A. Burdukova, K. M. Cheremisov, G. N. Rumyantsev, N. P. Shastina, D. D. Amogolonov, D. A. Abasheev and others.
Key words Mongolian studies in the USSR, Institute of Oriental Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Leningrad State University, Buryat-Mongolian Pedagogical Institute, Buryat-Mongolian Research Institute of Language, Literature and History, the Great Patriotic War
Article information
References 1. Alpatov, V. M. Nikolai ‒ Nicholas Poppe. M: Vostochnaya literatura RAN, 1996. (In Rus.) 2. Budaev, U. I. Teacher guidance for teachers (D. D. Amogolonov. 1912–1982). Russian Mongolian Studies: Irkutsk: Izdat-vo IGU, 2012: 247–253. (In Rus.) 3. Budaev, U. I. Dasha Amogolonov. Outstanding Buryat personalities, vol. 6, pp. 65–67, 2005. (In Rus.) 4. Viktorova, L. L. I happened to serve as a military translator. From the history of the Kunstkamera 1941–1945. The floor is given to those who kept the museum. Word to those who fought. A word to the children of the blockade. SPb: Izdatelstvo MAE RAN, 2003: 157–167. (In Rus.) 5. Dameshek, L. M., Kuznetsov, S. I., Petrushin, Yu. A. Recognized authority in Siberian historiography (to the 110th anniversary of the birth of professor F. A. Kudryavtsev). “Patriarch” of the historical science of Siberia: to the 110th anniversary of the birth of Fedor Aleksandrovich Kudryavtsev. Irkutsk: Ottisk, 2008: 6–10. (In Rus.) 6. Kozin, S. A. Dzhangariada (introduction to the study of the monument and translation of its Torgut version). M.-L: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR, 1940. (In Rus.) 7. Kozin, S. A. Secret legend: Mongolian chronicle of 1240 called “Yuan chao bi shi”. Mongolian everyday collection (introduction to the study of the monument, translation, texts, glossary). Vol. 1. M.-L: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR, 1941. (In Rus.) 8. Kudryavtsev, F. A. History of the Buryat-Mongolian people: from the 17th century to the 1860s. Essays. M.-L: Izdatelstvo AN SSSR, 1940. (In Rus.) 9. Kuz’min, U. V. N. P. Shastina ‒ historian, source researcher, historiographer of modern and recent history of Mongolia. Bulletin of the International Center for Asian Studies, no. 5, pp. 15–25, 2008. (In Rus.) 10. Marakhonova, S. I. Activities of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences in evacuation (Tashkent, 1942–1945). Based on archival materials. Written monuments of the East, no. 2, pp. 247–262, 2010. (In Rus.) 11. Miliband, S. D. Orientalists of Russia: XX ‒ early XXI century: biobibliographic dictionary: in 2 volumes. M: Vost. lit.,2008. Kn. I: A-M. 968 p. V. II: N-Ya. 1005 p. (In Rus.) 12. Osinskiy, I. I. Alma mater. Ulan-Ude: Izdatelstvo Buryatskogo gosuniversiteta, 1999. (In Rus.) 13. Polyanskaya, O. N. Soviet oriental studies during the Great Patriotic War. Bulletin of the Buryat State University, no. 7, pp. 26–30, 2010. (In Rus.) 14. Chimitdorziev, Sh. B., Luksokova, V. C. Georgy Nikitich Rumyantsev is a scientist ‒ orientalist. Essays. Ulan-Ude: Izdat-vo BNC SO RAN, 2003. (In Rus.) 15. Yakimov, A. T. Buddhism and its role in the history of the Mongols. Chita: Chitinskoe kn. Izdat-vo, 1945. (In Rus.) 16. Yakimov, A. T. From the Mongolian folk epic. Proceedings of the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies, vol. 1, pp. 235–242, 1939. (In Rus.) 17. Yakimov, A. T. On the question of the social structure of pre-revolutionary Mongolia and the role of Lamaism. Proceedings of the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies, vol. 2, pp. 139–151, 1940. (In Rus.)
Full articleMongolian Studies in the USSR During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–1945
0
3