||Artistic Work of Polish Exiles in the Trans-Baikal Region of Russia in the Second Half of the 19th Century
||Semenov E.V. Candidate of History, Associate Professor, email@example.com
||Semenov E. V. Artistic Work of Polish Exiles in the Trans-Baikal Region of Russia in the Second Half of the 19th Century // Humanitarian Vector. 2021. Vol. 16, No. 3. PP. 54–61. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2021-16- 3-54-61.
||THE BAIKAL REGION IN THE GEOPOLITICAL AND HUMANITARIAN DIMENSION
||Polish political exiles to Siberia of the latter half of the 1800s were involved in many aspects of the social
and cultural life of the time in the Trans-Baikal Region of Russia. However, in contrast to their scholarly research
conducted while in exile, their artistic activities have never been a topic of independent studies. The objective
of this paper is to study artistic work of Polish exiles in the context of penal labor and penal settlements.
When developing the topic of this study, the author relied on fundamental research principles and methods.
Using a broad range of archive materials and private sources, the author describes the artistic journeys of the
most famous Polish artists in exile who left a prominent legacy in the Trans-Baikal artistic life of the time. When
working on the topic of the article, the author used the following methods of historical research: analysis of
written sources, bibliographic method, historical and genetic method. While being formally convicted to penal
labor in the mines and factories of Nerchinsk mining region, some Polish exiles were not actually required
to engage in hard labor. The most artistically minded among them were looking for the opportunities to selfeducate
themselves and engage in artistic activities. The author identified several previously unknown facts
associated with the artistic legacy of Polish exiles. Against the backdrop of Polish deportation in the 1800s, the
author reconstructed the artistic work of Jozef Baerkman and Stanislaw Wronski. During their time in the Siberian
penal system, Polish artists created paintings, taxidermic works, and illustrations to the scholarly works
of Benedykt Dybowski. However, their most active creative period began when they were released from hard labor and settled in penal colonies. Today, some works of Polish artists in exile created during the second half
of the 19th century are part of collections of regional museums.
||Polish exiles, Polish artists, artistic activity, Trans-Baikal region, Stanislaw Wronski, Jozef
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