Article name M. Gorky’s Anthropology from the Capitalist Today\'s Perspective
Authors Fatenkov A.N.Doctor of Philosophy, Professor
Bibliographic description Fatenkov A. N. M. Gorky’s Anthropology from the Capitalist Today\'s Perspective // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 2. PP. 48–57. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-48-57.
UDC 141.32
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-48-57
Article type
Annotation The anthropological views of M. Gorky are being reconstructed in the context of modern social situation (not without a share of irony) and his personality. In methodology, the author relies on existential realism which is a dialectic unity of an instrument-method and ontological basis of the research. The coordinates of accord and discord between existential and socialist realism are being clarified. The play “The Lower Depths” (1902), the poem “The March of Man” (1904) and the articles “Notes on Philistinism” (1905), “Destruction of Personality” (1909), “If the enemy does not surrender, he is destroyed” (1930), “About Socialist Realism” (1933) and “Proletarian Humanism” (1934) are in the focus of author\'s attention. The “superhuman” ideas by M. Gorky and some peculiarities of his realism are being critically considered. The general sentiment of the writer against exploitation of man by man and expansion of philistinism is being supported. The antinomy of individualism is being discussed. Particular aspects of a humanist problem are being considered. The “female question” and proletariat topic in the writer’s thoughts and actions are being raised. In correlation with ideological and artistic meaning of M. Gorky’s works and relying on existential philosophy’s traditions a negative essence of both capitalism as such and a modern Russian one is refined and emphasized.
Key words Maxim Gorky, anthropology, human, dignity, humanism, realism, individualism, philistinism, capitalism, exploitation
Article information
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