Article name Idea Technique in Antiquity
Authors Zolotareva T.A.Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor
Bibliographic description Zolotareva T. A. Idea Technique in Antiquity // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 2. PP. 89–94. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-89-94.
UDC 62(09)(38):1(09)(38):7.046.1
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-89-94
Article type
Annotation The work is devoted to the main directions of understanding technics in antiquity. The author conducts a philosophical and historical analysis of the concept of technics in the mythological heritage of ancient Greece, in the studies of such eminent thinkers as Democritus, Plato and Aristotle. The notion of technical devices in ancient Greek myths is considered, where for the first time certain properties of technics were noted. In the ancient world, technics appears as the main attribute of Greek culture, denoting any human work, while at the same time the ancient idea of technics was associated with art as the ability to do something. A characteristic feature of ancient technological products was the judgment about the origin of the craft from imitation of nature. Plato explained the essence of technics from the creative act, Aristotle considers technics only as a means of participating in an active or productive activity. Interpretation of judgments about technics in ancient Greek myths, classics of ancient philosophy allowed us to form a holistic view of the perception of technics in ancient society. Appealing to the history of philosophical thought helps a person to think about what is happening in the world, society, relate the past and the present, organize thought in further creative activity, including inventive activity, enriches our life experience. This study may cause scientific interest of scientists, inventors in the search for new knowledge in the field of technics.
Key words technique, technical understanding, technical inventions, techne
Article information
References 1. Aristotel’. Politics. Works: v 4 t. M: Mysl’, 1983. Vol. 4: 376–644. (In Rus.) 2. Aristotel’. Metaphysics. Works in four volumes. M: Mysl’, 1976. V. 1. (In Rus.) 3. Bek, Kh. The essence of technology. The philosophy of technology in Germany. M: Progress,1989: 172–190. (In Rus.) 4. Dil’s, G. Antique technology. Moskva – Leningrad, 1934. (In Rus.) 5. Dynnik, M. A. The materialists of ancient Greece. Collection of texts of Heraclitus, Democritus and Epicurus. M: Gospolitizdat, 1955. (In Rus.) 6. Ziferle, R. P. Historical stages of the criticism of technology. The philosophy of technology in Germany. M: Progress, 1989: 257–272. (In Rus.) 7. Zolotareva, T. A. Existential concepts of life identificities in the modern socium. Humanitarian vector, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 68–74, 2018. (In Rus.). DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2018-13-3-68-74. 8. Zolotareva, T. A. The creative possibilities of the individual in the process of human activity. Historical, philosophical, political and Law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice. Tambov: Gramota. In 3 parts. Part 1, vol. 74, no. 12. pp. 79–82, 2016. (In Rus.) 9. Nesterov, A. Yu. Execution in the Semiotics of Technology. Humanitarian Vector, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 111–118, 2018. DOI: 10/21209/1996-7853-2018-13-3-111-118. (In Rus.) 10. Ortega-i-Gasset, KH. Reflections on technology. Selected Works. M: Izdatel’stvo «Ves’ Mir» 1997:164–704. (In Rus.) 11. Platon. State. M: Akademicheskiy proyekt, 2015. (In Rus.) 12. Shadeval’d, V. The concepts of «nature» and «technology» among the Greeks. The philosophy of technology in Germany. M: Progress,1989: 90–103. (In Rus.) 13. Cassirer, E. Form und Technik. Symbol, Technik, Sprache. Hamburg: Meiner, 1985: 39–91. (In Germ.) 14. Dessauer, F. Philosophie der Technik. Das Problem der Realisierung. Bonn: Cohen, 1927. (In Germ.) 15. Dessauer, F. Streit um die Technik. – Frankfurt am Main: Knecht, 1956. (In Germ.)
Full articleIdea Technique in Antiquity