Article
Article name Intercultural Interaction as a Factor of Transformation of Local Ethnocultural Groups (on the Example of the Old Believers of the Orenburg Region)
Authors Gerasimenko T.I.Doctor of Geography, Professor tanyag26@yandex.ru
Popova O.V.Head of Laboratory, Master of Geography popovaov20101979@mail.ru
Bibliographic description Gerasimenko T. I., Popova O. V. Intercultural Interaction as a Factor of Transformation of Local Ethnocultural Groups (on the Example of the Old Believers of the Orenburg Region) // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 2. PP. 123–133. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-123-133.
Heading HUMAN GEOGRAPHY AND PHILOSOPHY OF TRANSBOUNDEDNESS
UDC 911.3:314.7:[39:2-86](470.56)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-2-123-133
Article type
Annotation Old Believers for a long period of time were isolated from the outside world. They played a big role in the development of the Orenburg region. Globalization and inter-ethnic interaction inevitably led to an irreversible transformation of the ethnocultural system. The used evolutionary, chorological, and functional approaches, as well as a system of information-geographical, sociological, and cartographic methods, made it possible to identify patterns of development and spatial differences of the ethnocultural system of Old Believers. The article is based on the materials of the field research of the authors and is based on the works of domestic and foreign scientists. The role of Old Believers in the development of the region is shown. The geographical aspects of the processes of intercultural interaction and their consequences are highlighted, the main factors of transformation are identified. Historical and geographical aspects of settlement are revealed. Modern ethnocultural areas were structured using the D. Meinig system, stages of the formation of its elements were highlighted. We show that isolation has contributed to the preservation of culture and acculturation, but the inevitable interaction with the outside world is accompanied by significant assimilative processes. Sociological studies have revealed the presence of dual identity in the vast majority of Old Believers. The intercultural contacts of the Old Believers were based on the positive complementarity and the forms of neutral coexistence of ethnic groups (according to L. N. Gumilev): xenia and symbiosis. The character of interaction with neighboring ethnic groups is shown on the example of Mordovians. Historical and geographical and modern ethnocultural groups are distinguished in the composition of the Old Believers’ population of Orenburg. The ethnocultural and cultural system of the Old Believers was transformed. Most of the ethnophors assimilated, however, they retained their identity (in most cases, double) and lifestyle elements, and also during the process of acculturation influenced the cultural appearance of the territory.
Key words local ethnocultural group, Old Believers, intercultural interaction, transformation, acculturation, assimilation, identity
Article information
References 1. Arutyunov, S. A. Peoples and cultures. Development and interaction. M: Nauka, 1989. (In Rus.) 2. Bromley, Yu. V. Ethnosocial processes: theory, history, modernity. M: Nauka,1987. (In Rus.) 3. Gerasimenko, T. I. The enclosing landscape and the complementarity of ethnic groups are the basis for the formation of regional identity. Vestnik SPbGU. Spetsvypusk, pp. 31–41, 2012. (In Rus.) 4. Gerasimenko, T. I., Nuzhdina, E. Yu. German Mennonites of the Orenburg Region: a Cultural Trail in History and Geography. Orenburg: Izd-vo «Pressa». 2000. (In Rus.) 5. Gerasimenko, T. I., Svyatokha, N. Yu., Filimonova, I. Yu. Ethno-geographical atlas of the Orenburg region. Kazan: Idel-Press, 2017. (In Rus.) 6. Gerasimenko, T. I., Semenov, E. A. The impact of inter-ethnic interaction on the development of a cross-border region. Steppes of Northern Eurasia. Proceedings of the VII International Symposium. Orenburg. May 26–31, 2015: 249–253. (In Rus.) 7. Gerasimenko, T. I. Ethno-contact zones in the geo-cultural space of Russia. Gumanitarnyi vector, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 152–161, 2018. (In Rus.) 8. Gerasimenko, T. I. “Ethnos” and “Culture”: the interpretation of concepts and approaches to the study. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 6, pp. 178–184, 2015. (In Rus.) 9. Gumilev, L. N. Ethnogenesis and the biosphere of the Earth. M: Rolf, 2001. (In Rus.) 10. The life and work of P. I. Rychkov. T. 4 / Sost. otv. red. G. P. Matviyevskaya. Orenburg: Izd-vo «Orenburgskaya kniga». 2011. (In Rus.) 11. Zenkovskiy, S. A. Russian Old Believers of the XVII–XIX Centuries. In 2 volumes. M: Izd-vo Institut DI–DIK. 2006. (In Rus.) 12. Isachenko, A. G. Theory and Methodology of Geography. M: Akademiya, 2004. (In Rus.) 13. Kabanov, G. S. We are Old Believers. Orenburg: Izd-vo Pechatnyy dom «Dimur». 2003. (In Rus.) 14. Kovalenko, V. V. Great schism. Orenburgskiy slavyanskiy bazaar, no. 27, pp. 12–22, 2014. (In Rus.) 15. Levi-Stross, K. Primitive thinking. M: Izd-vo TERRA – Knizhnyy klub; Respublika. 1999. (In Rus.) 16. Moiseyev, B. A. Local names of the Orenburg region. Historical and toponymic essays. Orenburg: Izd-vo OGPU. 2013. (In Rus.) 17. The first general census of the population of the Russian Empire, 1897. XXVIII. Orenburg Province. Troynitskogo, N. A., editor. Izd-vo «Tsentralnogo statisticheskogo komiteta ministerstva vnutrennikh del». 1904. (In Rus.) 18. Popova, O. V. Historical and geographical features of the resettlement of the Old Believers of the Orenburg region. Science. Innovation. Technology, vol. 3, pp. 102–113, 2013. (In Rus.) 19. Popova, O. V. The role of local ethno-cultural community in the formation of the cultural landscape (for example, the Old Believers of the Orenburg region). Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 6, pp. 169–178, 2014. (In Rus.) 20. Popova, O. V. Transformation of the culture of the Old Believers of the Orenburg region. Diversity as a factor and condition for territorial development. Digest of articles. Part II. Chapter 4–6. Moskva. Eslan, 2014: 87–97. (In Rus.) 21. Popova, O. V. Transformation of the ethnocultural systems of the Old Believer communities in foreign countries. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 7, vol. 182, pp. 173–181, 2015. (In Rus.) 22. Rattsel, F. Ethnology. Sankt-Peterburg: Prosveshcheniye, 1902. V 2 T. (In Rus.) 23. Ryazanov, A. F. Orenburg region. Historical essay. Orenburg: Gos. tipo-litografiya GSNKh,1928. (In Rus.) 24. Smolich, I. K. History of the Russian Church 1700–1917. Book 8. Part Two. M: Izd-vo Spaso-Preobrazhenskogo Valaamskogo monastyrya. 1997. (In Rus.) 25. Strelnikov, S. Old Believers. New way. 15 August. 2004. (In Rus.) 26. Tishkov, V. A. Russian people: history and meaning of national identity. M: Nauka, 2013. (In Rus.) 27. Tobnbi, A. Dzh. Comprehension of history. Translation from English. Mo: Progress, 1991. (In Rus.) 28. Khagget P. Geography: a synthesis of modern knowledge. M: Progress, 1979. (In Rus.) 29. Fatkullina, R. R., Popova, O. V. Geographical aspect of the transformation of nature management of Old Believers in Russia. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 6, vol. 181, pp. 217–228, 2015. (In Rus.) 30. Ethno-confessional minorities of peoples of the Ural-Volga region / E. A. Yagafova [i dr.]. Samara: PGSGA, 2010. (In Rus.) 31. Ethno-confessional relations in the Orenburg region. Orenburg: Izd-vo OOO IPK «Universitet». 2014. (In Rus.) 32. Meinig, D. W. The Mormon culture region: strategies and patterns in the geography of the American West. 1847–1967. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, vol. 55, pp. 191‒ 220, 1965. (In Engl.)
Full articleIntercultural Interaction as a Factor of Transformation of Local Ethnocultural Groups (on the Example of the Old Believers of the Orenburg Region)