Article name Development of Preschool Education in the National Regions in Eastern Siberia in the 1920s
Authors Zandanova L.V. Doctor of History, Professor,
Afanasova E.N. Candidate of History, Associate Professor,
Bibliographic description Zandanova L. V., Afanasova E. N. Development of Preschool Education in the National Regions in Eastern Siberia in the 1920s // Humanitarian Vector. 2019. Vol. 14, No. 3. PP. 48–54. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-3-48-54.
UDC 94(571.5)192
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2019-14-3-48-54
Article type
Annotation The article presents the results of a study of the implementation of social policy of the Soviet state in the first decade of the Soviet power, conducted on the materials of central and regional archives. In particular, we show how in the context of developing policies for the protection of motherhood and childhood, measures were taken to create, operate and ensure the operation of the system of preschool education in the national republics of Eastern Siberia in the 1920s: kindergartens, playgrounds, and nursery schools. Based on statistical data, we concluded that in the first half of the 1920s in Yakutia, the Buryat-Mongolian Republic, and Khakassia, children of preschool age were only partially covered by established institutions, which was associated with the everyday, cultural, religious and economic characteristics of their parents’ lives, as well as the established tradition of raising children in a multi-generation family. It is shown that the process of developing the needs of the population of the national republics in the upbringing of the younger generation in state pre-school institutions proceeded gradually, with the help of professionally trained personnel; children’s institutions were mostly attended by children from Russian families. It was revealed that the system of preschool education was taking place in the conditions of financial, material and technical deficit, in connection with which money was raised from parents and the public.
Key words history of Eastern Siberia, national republics in the 1920s, social policy, pre-school education
Article information
References 1. Arakelova, M. P. Basistaya, N. P. Women of Russia: the experience of history. M: Starfall, 2000. (In Rus.) 2. Dianova, N. F. From the history of formation and development of preschool education in Russia. System of values of modern society, no. 41, pp. 121–125, 2015. (In Rus.) 3. Ivanova, L. T. Emancipation of women of Yakutia and their role in the building of socialism (1917–1937 gg.). Yakutsk: kn. ed., 1974. (In Rus.) 4. Research of young scientists: collection of articles. Ulan-Ude: Siberian state Academy of culture, 2003. (In Rus.) 5. Results and prospects of research on the history of medicine. Thesis of reports. First all-Union Congress of medical historians. Kishinev: Shtiincza, 1973. (In Rus.) 6. Kolokolnikova, Z. U. Training of teachers of preschool education in the Yenisei Siberia in the 1920s. Bulletin of Krasnoyarsk state pedagogical University. V. P. Astafiev, no. 1, vol. 27, pp. 146–151, 2014. (In Rus.) 7. Kolokolnikova, Z. U. Institutions of pre-school education in Siberia in the early XX century. Izvestiya RGPU im. A. I. Herzen, no. 116, pp. 28–37, 2009. (In Rus.) 8. Kulakovsky, P. E. Development of health care in the Yakut ASSR. Scientific notes of the Yakut state University, issue IV, pp. 169–180, 1958. (In Rus.) 9. Lebedeva, V. P. Protection of motherhood and infancy in the country of the Soviets. M., L.: st. med. ed., 1934. (In Rus.) 10. Papina, O. V. The Role of women in the social and cultural development of Khakassia in 1923–1941. Cand. sci. diss. hist. sciences. Abakan, 2008. (In Rus.) 11. Petrov, P. Y., Yagya, N. C. Health Yakutia. Yakutsk: Yakut book. ed., 1972. (In Rus.) 12. Ryabinina, N. Social policy of Soviet Russia (October 1917–1920): woman, family and children in the new society. Yaroslavl: Yaroslavl state University, 2004. (In Rus.) 13. Soviet social policy of the 1920s – 1930s: ideology and everyday life. A collection of articles. Ed. by Romanov, P. V., Yarskaya-Smirnova, E. R. Moscow: OOO “Variant”, CPGI, 2007. (In Rus.) 14. Khakassia and Russia: 300 years together. Proceedings of the international scientific conference devoted to the 300th anniversary of Khakassia’s accession to the Russian state. Abakan: 12–13 December 2007. (In Rus.) 15. Tsyrlina, E. Wider to the masses preschool education. Education of Siberia, no.3, pp. 34–36, 1929. (In Rus.)
Full articleDevelopment of Preschool Education in the National Regions in Eastern Siberia in the 1920s