||In the article, an effort is made to study such an element of material culture as a stove in the life of the Alar
Buryats, people of the Baikal region, so-called western buryats – the topic that has not been previously researched.
Its unique varieties as well as street public bakeries and built-in boilers that still can be seen today are considered
in detail. The author believes that their widespread occurrence was determined by the peculiarities of natural and
climatic conditions that influenced economic activity and, in this respect, the need for an early transition from nomadism
to sedentarization. These factors in general have determined specific features of the material culture of
Buryats of this ethnic group, including the food system. As part of the study, comparative material on the Siberian
Turkic peoples is used, therefore, the similarity of these stoves with the Tatar ones is revealed, their distinctive features
are identified, and analogies with the material culture of other Turkic peoples are made. Besides, the stability
of ethnic traditions containing elements of Turkic origin is analyzed, which was due to the presence of ancient Turks
in the Baikal region. The author emphasizes the importance of the stove and stove equipment in ritual activities as a
sacral center of the dwelling, which correlates with the values of spiritual culture. A great contribution of Russian material
culture is also highlighted, which has had a fundamental influence on the improvement of living conditions. As
convincing arguments, the author adduces linguistic borrowings from the Russian language and brings similarities
with Turkic terms and documents words unknown to dialectologists and linguists specializing in Mongolian until now.
On the basis of these materials, it is concluded that the material culture of the Buryats in this area is autochthonous.
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