Article
Article name Materials for the History of the Orthodox Church in the North and Northeast of China in the Early 1930s
Authors Drobotushenko E.V. Candidate of History, Associate Professor, DRZZ@yandex.ru
Bibliographic description Drobotushenko E. V. Materials for the History of the Orthodox Church in the North and Northeast of China in the early 1930s // Humanitarian Vector. 2022. Vol. 17, No. 3. PP. 8–16. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2022-17-3-8-16.
Section HISTORY: MEANINGS AND VALUES
UDK 271.2:94.5
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2022-17-3-8-16
Article type Original article
Annotation In the context of the available data on the history of Orthodoxy in the north and northeast of China, the article provides new information characterizing various aspects of the existence and activity of the Orthodox Church in the early 1930s. This time was quite difficult for Russian emigrants in the territories under consideration. They were the main bearers of Orthodoxy. The research uses general scientific methods of collecting, analyzing and synthesizing material, which is especially important when working with sources, as well as special methods of historical cognition. The chronological method made it possible to characterize events in their sequence, the comparative historical method made it possible to compare facts and phenomena in different time periods. The main conclusion of the study was the observation that at the time under consideration, the conditions of existence of representatives of the Orthodox community in the region were complicated by a number of factors. These are punitive campaigns to the places of their residence of the Red Army detachments, the establishment of the puppet regime of the state of Manchukuo, the strongest flood in Harbin. This led to the closure of a number of Orthodox churches and a significant outflow of parishioners. The article is based on little-known and unknown archival documents, which, in some cases, repeat the information found in publications, while in some cases they give completely new, previously unknown facts. A series of events in the early 1930s led to the fact that a significant part of the representatives of the Russian emigration ‒ Orthodox for the most part, left the region, going further into China, and then beyond its borders. This, in turn, led to a reduction in the number of Orthodox believers, the income of priests fell, churches began to close.
Key words Orthodoxy, church, clergyman, believers, parishioners, Northern and Northeastern China, Manchuria,Harbin diocese
Article information
References 1. Bakonina, S. N. The question of the legal status of the Harbin diocese during the spread of Soviet influence in China in the 1920s. Russia and China: history and prospects of cooperation. Blagoveshchensk: BGPU, 2014: 49–53. (In Rus.) 2. Bakonina, S. N. The life and work of Metropolitan Methodius (Gerasimov) of Harbin and Manchuria, 1856–1931. Russia and China: history and prospects of cooperation. Materials of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference. Blagoveshchensk: BGPU, 2016: 127–132. (In Rus.) 3. Bakonina, S. N. The Russian Orthodox Church in Manchuria and local Chinese authorities (pages of the biography of Bishop Nestor [Anisimov] of Kamchatka, 1923–1928). Society and the state in China: XXXIX scientific conference. Moscow: IV RAN. Issue II: 4, pp. 84–105, 2009. (In Rus.) 4. Bakonina, S. N. Harbin diocese during the spread of Soviet influence in China (1923–1924). Bulletin of PSTGU II. History. History of the Russian Orthodox Church, issue 2(23), pp. 131–153, 2008. (In Rus.) 5. Bakonina, S. N. Harbin diocese in the works of contemporaries (the 1920s–1940s). Science and school, no. 4, pp. 184–187, 2012. (In Rus.) 6. Bakonina, S. N. Church life of the Russian emigration in the Far East in 1920–1931. M: PSTGU, 2014. (In Rus.) 7. Korostelev, V. V., Karaulov, A. K The last Archpastor of Manchuria: to the 110th anniversary of the birth of Archbishop Nikandr. Russian Atlantis, no. 7. Web. 27.11.2021. http://rusatlantida.narod.ru/ra7/3.htm (In Rus.) 8. Korostelev, V. V., Karaulov, A. K. Orthodoxy in Manchuria. 1898–1956. Essays on history. M: PSTGU, 2019. (In Rus.) 9. Troitskaya, S. S. Harbin diocese, its churches and clergy: to the 80th anniversary of the establishment of the Harbin-Manchurian diocese, 1922 – March 11/24 – 2002. Brisbane: Izdanie N. I. Dmitrovskogo-Bajkova, 2002. (In Rus.) 10. Serdyuk, M. B. Features of the religious life of Russians in Manchuria. Russians in the Asia-Pacific Region. Cooperation at the turn of the century. Materials of the first international scientific and practical conference. Vladivostok, 24–26 September, 1999. Vladivostok: DVU, 1999. Book 2: 147–151. (In Rus.) 11. Klyaus, V. L. Churches of the Three Rivers. Traditional culture, no. 4, pp. 25–34, 2014. (In Rus.) 12. Tarasov, A. P. Transbaikalia and China: experience in the analysis of international relations. Chita: RIS ZabGPU, 2003. (In Rus.) 13. Tarasov, A. P. Russian national volost Enhe in Barga, Russians’ search for their national identity in border China. Problems of the Far East, no. 1, pp. 102–121, 2016. (In Rus.) 14. Zhang Zonghai. Russian Orthodox Church in Harbin (before the capture of Manchuria by Japan). Russia and the Asia-Pacific region, no. 4, pp. 102–103, 2001. (In Rus.) 15. Bakich, O. Harbin Russian imprints: bibliography as history, 1898–1961: materials for a definitive bibliography. N. Y. -Paris: Norman Ross Publishing, 2002. (In Engl.) 16. Baker, K. A History of the Orthodox Church in China, Korea and Japan. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Pr., 2006. (In Engl.) 17. Parry, A. Russian (Greek Orthodox) Missionaries in China, 1689–1917: Their Cultural, Political, and Economic Role. The Pacific Historical Review, vol. 9, no 4, pp. 401–424, 1940. (In Engl.) 18. Parry, A. Russian (Greek Orthodox) Missionaries in China, 1689–1917: Their Cultural, Political, and Economic Role. Ph. D. diss. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1938; Chicago: Berkeley, Calif, 1940. (In Engl.) 19. Russian Literary and Ecclesiastical Life in Manchuria and China from 1920 to 1952: Unpublished Memoirs of Valerij Perelešin by Thomas Hauth. Leuxenhoff: The Hague, 1996. (In Engl.) 20. Russian émigré authors: a biographical index and bibliography of their works on theology, religious philosophy, church history and orthodox culture 1921–1972. Compiled by Nicolas Zernov. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1973. (In Engl.) 21. Woerl, M. Bishop Mikhail (Bogdanov, d. July 1925) of Primorsk and Vladivostok. ROCOR STUDIES. Historical Studies of the Russian Church Abroad. Web. 02.12.2021. https://www.rocorstudies.org/2012/06/25/ bishop-mikhail-mikhail-bogdanov-6-nov-1857–9-jul-1925-of-primorsk-vladivostok/(In Engl.) 22. Argudyaeva, Yu. V. Russian population of Three Rivers. Russia and the Asia-Pacific region, no. 4, pp. 121–134, 2006. (In Rus.) 23. Beloglazov, G. P. Russian agricultural culture in Manchuria in the late 19th ‒ 1920s. Bulletin of the FEB RAS, no. 5, pp. 108–115, 2007. (In Rus.) 24. Dotsenko, P. Trekhrechenskaya Golgotha. Red Terror during the Civil War: Based on the Materials of the Special Investigative Commission to Investigate the Atrocities of the Bolsheviks. Magnetic storms of our Fatherland. Web. 27.11.2021. http://www.xxl3.ru/pages/docenko.htm (In Rus.) 25. Nostaeva, E. V. Kharchinsky question in Barga (1917). Eastern archive, no. 1, pp. 43–48, 2010. (In Rus.)
Full articleMaterials for the History of the Orthodox Church in the North and Northeast of China in the Early 1930s
0
15