Article name Philosophy of Suicide in Virtual Space
Authors Ardashev R.G. Candidate of Law,
Bibliographic description Ardashev R. G. Philosophy of Suicide in Virtual Space // Humanitarian Vector. 2023. Vol. 18, No. 2. P. 77– 85. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-2-77-85.
Section Humanistic Trends in the Development of Modern Society
UDK 316.624
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-2-77-85
Article type Original article
Annotation The paper studies the formation of the philosophy of suicide, the involvement of participants of different ages and statuses in death groups, and also reveals the specifics of the development of the philosophy of suicide in the digital world. The theoretical basis for the development of the philosophy of suicide in the virtual world is the concept of the game and the person playing by Johan Huizinga. Playing as a principle of the virtual world leaves its mark on the irrational foundations of the work of consciousness, where the lines between real and unreal, between life and death, between the willingness to start re-living life after death as in a computer game and the ability to also perceive suicide, after which another life is possible, are blurred in the same world. As a confirmation of the hypotheses put forward, we present the results of a qualitative study conducted by the method of structural-symbolic analysis of 1820 publications on the Internet, on sites and pages of social networks, which reflect the psychology and philosophy of suicide. The data obtained were analyzed using cluster analysis of the AskNET package. As well as an expert survey of psychologists, psychotherapists, philosophers, culturologists, priests working on the theoretical understanding of suicide issues or with those who have had suicide attempts. As a result, data were obtained on the irrational foundations of thinking of those who are prone to suicide or suicidal behavior, unwillingness to solve their social fears and limitations, the presence of behavioral stigmatization, the absence of critical thinking, emotional, cognitive and intellectual rigidity. There are three strategies for the development of the philosophy of suicide in the virtual world: auto-aggression, imposed ideas about death, contagiousness (imitation) of the behavior of members of death groups. The structure of the development of the philosophy of suicide, which is maximally revealed in the virtual world, is also substantiated: reliance on existing buildings, mythologization, crystallization, alternative options, rebirth. Further research is needed to study resistance to external pressure, readiness to obey and find support in closed communities of death and to analyze virtual-mediated philosophy of suicide.
Key words philosophy of suicide, virtual world, suicidal behavior, communities of death, social networks,stigmatization
Article information
References 1. Huizinga, J. Homo Ludens; Articles on the history of culture. M: Progress-Tradition, 1997. (In Rus.) 2. Polyushkevich, O. A. Moral and game in modern society. The problem of correlation between natural and social in society and man, no. 13, pр. 41–48, 2022. (In Rus.) 3. Polyushkevich, O. A. Modern reading of the sociology of morals. Humanitarian vector, no. 5, pр. 50–58, 2021. (In Rus.) 4. Ryspaeva, S. Zh. Suicide ‒ an existential choice (sociological analysis). Problems of Science, no. 5, pp. 90–94, 2019. DOI 10.25205/2658-4506-2020-13-1-148-161 (In Rus.) 5. Uzlov, N. D., Semenova M. N. Game, transgression and network suicide. Suicidology, no. 3, pp. 40–53, 2017. (In Rus.) 6. Burova, Yu. V., Aizyatova L. F. Suicide as destruction of modern society. Society: politics, economics, law, no. 8, pp. 66–70, 2021. (In Rus.) 7. Ardashev, R. G. Irrational foundations of suicide. Humanitarian vector, no. 2, pр. 58–68, 2022. (In Rus.) 8. Ardashev, R. G. Irrational foundations of suicidal behavior of youth. Sociology, no. 3, pр. 39–46, 2022. (In Rus.) 9. Bychkova, A. M., Radnaeva E. L. Bringing to suicide through the use of Internet technologies: socio-psychological, criminological and criminal law aspects. All-Russian criminological journal, no. 1, pр. 101–115, 2018. (In Rus.) 10. Demdoumi, N. Yu., Denisov Yu. P. Distribution of “suicidal content” in the cyberspace of the Russian- speaking Internet as a problem of multidisciplinary research. Suicidology, no. 2, pp. 47–54, 2014. (In Rus.) 11. Fleming-May, R. A., Miller, L. E. “I’m Scared to Look. But I’m Dying to Know”: Information Seeking and Sharing on Pro-Ana Weblogs. Proceedings Am. Society Inform. Sci.d Technol., vol. 47, pр. 1–9, 2010. (In Eng.) 12. Horne, J., Wiggins, S. Doing being ‘on the edge’: Managing the dilemma of being authentically suicidal in an online forum. Soc. Health Illness, vol. 31, pр. 170–184, 2009. (In Eng.) 13. Lamerichs, J., te Molder, H. Computer-mediated communication: From a cognitive to a discursive model. New Media & Society, vol. 5, pр. 451–473, 2003. (In Eng.) 14. Lee, Y. F., Yeh, P. K., Ho, P. S., Tzeng, D. S. Searching for Suicide Information on Web Search Engines in Chinese. J. Med. sci., vol. 37, pр. 86–90, 2017. (In Eng.) 15. Tibirkina, V. S., Shigabetdinova, G. M. Suicide and suicidal behavior: a study of groups in social networks. Student Bulletin, no. 24-1, pp. 46–47, 2019. (In Rus.) 16. Daine, K., Hawton, K., Singaravelu, V., Stewart, A., Simkin, S., Montgomery, P. The power of the Web: a systematic review of studies of the influence of the Internet on self-harm and suicide in young people. Web. 10.01.2023. URL: (In Eng.) 17. Hay, C., Meldrum, R. Bullying victimization and adolescent self-harm: Testing hypotheses from general strain theory. J. Youth Adolesc, vol. 39, pр. 446–459, 2010. (In Eng.) 18. Harrison, P. Suicidal thoughts common among victimized youth. Medscape medical news. Web. 10. 01.2023. URL: (In Eng.) 19. John, A., Glendenning, A. C., Marchant, A., Montgomery, P., Stewart, 3 A., Wood, S., Lloyd, K., Hawton, K. Self-Harm, Suicidal Behaviours, and Cyberbullying in Children and Young People: Systematic Review. J. Med. Internet Res, vol. 20, pp. 129, 2018. (In Eng.) 20. Hinduja, S., Patchin, J. W. Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Arch. Suicide Res, vol. 14, pp. 206–221, 2010. (In Eng.) 21. Ardashev, R. G. Cybersuicide and cyberbullying in modern society. Sociology, no. 6, pp. 32–38, 2022. (In Rus.) 22. Polyushkevich, O. A. Stigmatization: analysis within the concept of I. Hoffman. Health Philosophy: an integral approach. Interuniversity collection of scientific papers. Irkutsk, IGMU, 2019: 24–29. (In Rus.) 23. Algavi, L. O., Kadyrova, Sh. N., Rastorgueva, N. E. “Blue Whale”: five aspects of the news narrative. Bulletin of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Literary criticism. Journalism, no. 4, pp. 660–668, 2017. DOI: 10.22363/2312-9220-2017-22-4-660-668. (In Rus.) 24. Carli V., Hoven C. W., Wasserman C., Chiesa F., Guffanti G., Sarchiapone M. A newly identified group of adolescents at “invisible” risk for psychopathology and suicidal behavior: Findings from the SEYLE study. World Psychiatry, vol. 13, pp. 78–86, 2014. (In Eng.) 25. Casiano, H., Kinley, J. D., Katz, L. Y., Chartier, M. J. Media use and health outcomes in adolescents: findings from a nationally representative survey. J. Can. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, vol. 21, pp. 296–301, 2012. (In Eng.)
Full articlePhilosophy of Suicide in Virtual Space