Article name Poetics of the Prose Works by Nikolai Shchegolev: The Motive of Double Suicide
Authors Abramova K.V. Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor, a-ks@yandex. ru
Bibliographic description Abramova K. V. Poetics of the Prose Works of Nikolai Shchegolev: The Motive of Double Suicide // Humanitarian Vector. 2023. Vol. 18, no. 3. P. 8–18. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-3-8-18.
UDK 821.161.1
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-3-8-18
Article type Original article
Annotation The article is devoted to the analysis of the poetics of prose works by Nikolai Shchegolev. Harbin poet created not only lyrical works but also wrote stories, as well as reviews, articles, dreamed of creating a novel. We analyze Shchegolev’s story The Incident in the Park, focusing on the study of a rather rare motive for fiction – the motive of a double suicide. We trace the origins of this motive, which has gained great importance in emigrant literature, both in the European, western part of it, and in the eastern. The relevance of the topic under consideration is that at present Nikolai Shchegolev’s work remains poorly studied. Existing studies consider the life and creative path of the poet, give a description and analyze individual poetic works, but Shchegolev’s prose remains practically unexplored. In addition, the study of this topic will allow you to trace how the picture of the world is changing, human values and priorities in a changing world are transforming. On the example of the analysis of the motives of the authors in the works who were forced to emigrate, to break their ties with their homeland, we can see the importance of preserving cultural and historical values in the context of the transformation of all spheres of modern life. We examined in detail the techniques that Shchegolev uses in the story, such as creating the effect of cinematic storytelling, editing. We also dwell on the accompanying motifs of a prophetic dream, old women-harbingers of death, and others. All of them introduce an element of phantasmagoria into the story, although the work is written in a realistic manner, and allow the author to create an intrigue that violates the reader’s expectations. The theme of double suicide in the story by Nikolai Shchegolev becomes a transformation of moods among the Russian emigration (both its western and eastern branches). At the same time, suicide, surrounded by the above motives, turns into a theatrical action, and Harbin, where the events described take place, is transformed into an ideal mythological space.
Key words Shchegolev, poetics, double suicide motif, cinematography, dream motif, theatricality, mortal motifs, thanatological motifs
Article information
References 1. Zabiyako, A. A. The poem in prose \"Noon\" as an experience of N. Shchegolev’s metapoetic reflection. In: Russian Harbin, imprinted in the word. Issue 3. Collection of scientific papers dedicated to the 95th anniversary of L. N. Andersen. Ed. by. A. A. Zabiyako, G. V. Efendievoy. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskiy gos. un-t, pp. 106–114, 2009. (In Rus.) 2. Zabiyako, A. A. \"The most violent, the most obstinate, the most gifted of all the young growth\" (the artistic world of the Harbin poet Nikolai Shchegolev). Philological sciences, no. 5, pp. 111–121, 2006. (In Rus.) 3. Zabiyako, A. A. Harbin poet Nikolai Shchegolev: from the history of Russian emigration. Ural Historical Bulletin, no. 1, pp. 67–77, 2013. (In Rus.) 4. Zabiyako, A. A. Mentality of the Far Eastern Frontier: Culture and Literature of Russian Harbin. Novosibirsk: Novosibirskoe otdelenie izdatel’stva \"Nauka\", 2016. (In Rus.) 5. Zabiyako, A. A. Nikolai Shchegolev: the concept of the unpublished novel \"Crossroads\". In: Russian Harbin embodied in the word. Ed. by. A. A. Zabiyako G. V. Efendieva. Iss. 7. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskiy gos. un-t, pp. 150–161, 2017. (In Rus.) 6. Zabiyako, A. A., Gorlova, L. A. \"The Seeking Poet\" of Montparnasse in Harbin (the poetic world of N. Shchegolev). In: Russian Harbin embodied in the word: Collection of scientific works of teachers and students of the Department of Russian Philology of the AmSU. Ed. by. A. A. Zabiyako, E. A. Ogleznevoy. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskiy gos.un-t, pp. 67–84, 2006. (In Rus.) 7. Kirillova, E. O. Far Eastern harbor of Russian futurism. Book one. Modernist trends in the literature of the Russian Far East in 1917–1922. (Poetic names, ideological and artistic searches). Vladivostok: Izd-vo Dal’nevostochnogo federal’nogo un-ta, 2011. (In Rus.) 8. Zabiyako, A. A. Prose studies of Harbin lyric poets. Russian Harbin imprinted in the word. Issue. 3. Collection of scientific papers dedicated to the 95th anniversary of L. N. Andersen. Ed. by. A. A. Zabiyako, G. V. Efendievoy. Blagoveshchensk: Amurskiy gos. un-t, pp. 82–105, 2009. (In Rus.) 9. Denisova, E. A. Poetics of the story \"Dere – a water wedding\" (1932) in the context of the Far Eastern prose of V. Mart in the 1920s–1930s. Gumanitarnyy vector, no. 5, pp. 36–43, 2020. (In Rus.) 10. Denisova, E. A. Prose of V. Mart: Some Literary Connections and Contexts. Philological Sciences. Questions of theory and practice, no. 10, pp. 2901–2905, 2021. (In Rus.) 11. The Meaning of Death. Ed. by H. Feifel. New York; Toronto; London, 1959. (In Eng.) 12. Krasil’nikov, R. L. The image of death in a literary work. Vologda: GUK IATsK, 2007. (In Rus.) 13. Krasil’nikov, R. L. Thanatological motives in fiction (introduction to literary thanatology). M: Yazyki slavyanskoy kul’tury, 2015. (In Rus.) 14. Hansen-Löve A. A. Grundzüge einer Thanatopoetik. Russische Beispiele von Puškin bis Čechov. In: Thanatologien, Thanatopoetik, der Tod des Dichters, Dichter des Todes (Tagung München 2006) / Hrsg. A. A. Hansen- Löve. München, Wien, Bamberg: Sagner, 2007: 7–78. (In Germ.) 15. Lotman, Yu. M. Death as a Problem of Plot. Yu. M. Lotman and the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School. M: Gnozis, pp. 417–430, 1994. (In Rus.) 16. Babayants, A. A few remarks about the category of death in the literature. Beginning. M., Vol. 5. Pp.52– 64, 2002. (In Rus.) 17. Morality in Literature and Culture. Compiled by A. G. Stepanov, V. Yu. Lebedev. M: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2015. (In Rus.) 18. Kobrinskiy, A. A. Suicide of the poets of the Silver Age: between literary life and literary fact. \"And the heart is eager for a shot ...\". Completed by A. A. Kobrinskiy. M: Ellis Lak, 2003, 3–24. 2003. (In Rus.) 19. Chkhartishvili G. The Writer and Suicide. In 2 books. Book. 1: Man and suicide. M: Zakharov, 2008. (In Rus.) 20. Chkhartishvili G. The Writer and Suicide. In 2 books. Book. 2: Encyclopedia of literarycide. M: Zakharov, 2008. (In Rus.) 21. Dolinin A. A. Commentary on Vladimir Nabokov’s novel \"The Gift\". M., 2019. (In Rus.) 22. Panova, N. Yu. The problem of suicide in Russian literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Society for Cultural and Scientific Progress in Central and Eastern Europe. Budapest. Web. 10.01.2023. http:// panova-n-y (In Rus.) 23. Kablukov, V. V. The concept of \"suicide\" in the thesaurus of Russian literature of the 1920–1930s. Thesaurus analysis of world culture. Collection of scientific papers. M., 2007: 31–39, . (In Rus.) 24. Witczak Patryk. Thanatological Motifs in Irina Odoevtseva’s Prose in the Context of Dialogue with Literary Tradition. Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Rossica, no. 7, pp. 153–162, 2014. (In Rus.) 25. Mordovtseva, T. V. Faces of Thanatos in the Russian artistic word. Paradigma. SPb. Vol. 2. Pp. 143– 150, 2005. (In Rus.) 26. Shchegolev, N. A. Victory despair. Collected Works. M: Vodoley, 2014. (In Rus.) 27. Pereleshin, V. Poem without subject. Ed. by. S. Karlinsky. Kholiok: N’yu Ingland Pabl., 1989. (In Rus.) 28. Krasil’nikov, R. L. \"Voilà une belle mort\": Beauty and death in fiction. Modern problems of science and education, no. 1, 2014. Web. 10.01.2023. (In Rus.) 29. Pasternak, B. L. Complete Works: in 11 vols. Articles, reviews, prefaces. Dramatic works. Literary and biographical questionnaires. Unfinished sketches. Transcripts of speeches. Commented by E. B. Pasternak and E. V. Pasternak. M: SLOVO/SLOVO, 2004. (In Rus.) 30. Slobodchikov, V. A. About the sad fate of the exiles... Harbin.. M., 2005. (In Rus.) 31. Chudakov, F. \"The cup of suffering has been drunk to the bottom!..\" From the creative heritage of the outstanding satirist of the early 20th century. Vladivostok: Rubezh, 2016. (In Rus.) 32. Abramova, K. V. Poetics of Harbin and Shanghai poems by Nikolai Shchegolev: Rhymes. Humanitarian Vector, no. 5, pp. 136–144, 2019. (In Rus.) 33. Vedel’, A. V. The Legend of Tristan and Isolde in Russian Poetry of the First Third of the 20th Century. \"Eternal\" Plots and Images in the Literature and Art of Russian Modernism. M: Indrik, 2015: 106–125. (In Rus.)
Full articlePoetics of the Prose Works by Nikolai Shchegolev: The Motive of Double Suicide