Article
Article name History of Russia in the XIXth – XXth Centuries: Method and Forecast by N. A. Berdyaev
Authors Madzharov A.S. Doctor of History, Professor, mas@home.isu.ru
Bibliographic description Madzharov A. S. History of Russia in the XIXth – XXth centuries: Method and Forecast by N. A. Berdyaev // Humanitarian Vector. 2024. Vol. 19, no. 1. P. 158–165. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2024-19-1-158-165.
Section Humanistic Trends in the Development of Society
UDK 1(47)(092):94(47)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2024-19-1-158-165
Article type Scientific Essay
Annotation Works by N. A. Berdyaev have been studied in domestic and foreign literature. The theoretical and methodological foundations of his scientific views, their specificity, problems of interpretation, and the connection of the historiosophist’s concept with Western thought were studied. Modern historiography of the scientist’s work was focused on the philosophical foundations of his works, and the historical aspect of the philosophy of history, the subject of his research – history – remained outside the field of view of philosophers. The historical forecasts of the thinker and the theoretical and methodological foundations for obtaining them were separated. “Method” was divorced from “history.” We can consider the “procedure” for obtaining reliable historical forecasts in the work of a philosopher using an interdisciplinary approach that connects the historical and philosophical components of knowledge. The purpose of the study is to correlate the theoretical and methodological foundations of Berdyaev’s concept and the specific historical judgments of the scientist and to reveal their relationship. Berdyaev’s futurological historical conclusions stemmed from the idea of history as a dynamic, contradictory, eschatological spiritual process. The scientist considered “spiritual experience” to be the source of “anthropological” historical and philosophical research in a broad sense, and noted that the newly born philosophical “thought... did not have bookish” foundations, but was “nourished by the intuitions of life.” The methodological vector guided his historical and philosophical studies, which combined the philosophical search for “truth and meaning” with an explanation of the specifics of Russian history. He carried out this connection between “history” and “philosophy” in his research, emphasizing that he saw “the whole, the whole meaning of the universe”, “the decision of the fate of the universe”, “the fate of Russia” “in everything detailed, separate” and embodied this vision in his historical forecasts. Contemplation of the contradictions of spirit driving the historical process “towards the end” allowed Berdyaev to see behind the external side of events the objective direction of movement of society.
Key words N. A. Berdyaev, philosophy of history, history of Russia in the XIXth – XXth centuries, method, forecast, interdisciplinary research
Article information
References 1. Rossignotti, M. Person and time in Berdjaev. Bologna: Edizioni Studio Domenicano, 1993. (In Ital.) 2. Dietrich, W. Nikolai Berdjajew: His thinking in perspective; the discourse with the partners of his philosophy. Hamburg, 2001. (In Ger.) 3. Vanyushina, E. F. Berdyaev’s reception of the philosophical heritage of A. S. Khomyakova. A. S. Khomyakov – thinker, poet, publicist. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. M.: 14–17 April, 2004: 683-692. (In Rus.) 4. Silant’eva, M. V. Philosophy of freedom of Russian neopatristics (N. Berdyaev about A. Khomyakov). A. S. Khomyakov – thinker, poet, publicist. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. M.: 14– 17 April, 2004: 693-705. (In Rus.) 5. Madzharov, A. S. History of Russia in the theory of civilizations: monograph. Irkutsk: IGU, 2014. (In Rus.) 6. Motroshilova, Η. V. Thinkers of Russia and the philosophy of the West (V. Solovyov. N. Berdyaev. S. Frank. L. Shestov). M.: Respublika: Kul’turnaya revolyutsiya, 2007. (In Rus.) 7. Silant’eva, M. V. Existential dialectics of Nikolai Berdyaev as a philosophical method. Dr. philos. sci. diss. abstr. M., 2005. (In Rus.) 8. Silant’eva, M. V. Philosophy of culture of Nikolai Berdyaev on the prospects of the “post-crisis world”: methodological aspects of the intellectual model of the “new Middle Ages”. Scholarly Notes of Transbaikal State University, no. 3, pp. 71–79, 2017. (In Rus.) 9. Titarenko, S. A. Specifics of the religious philosophy of Nikolai Berdyaev. Dr. sci. diss. abstr. Rostov- na-Donu, 2006. (In Rus.) 10. Diakon Shitikov, Petr N. A. Berdyaev as a historian of Russian religious philosophical thought. Cand. sci. diss. abstr. Sergiev Posad, 2009. (In Rus.) 11. Pavlov, I. I. Modern methodological problems in the study of N. Berdyaev’s creativity. Questions of philosophy, no. 10, pp. 123–129, 2021. (In Rus.) 12. Berdyaev, N. A. Self-knowledge. Experience of philosophical autobiography. M.: Kniga, 1991. (In Rus.) 13. Berdyaev, N. A. Russian idea. Saint Petersburg: Azbuka-klassika, 2008. (In Rus.) 14. Berdyaev, N. A. The meaning of history. M: Mysl’, 1990. (In Rus.) 15. Berdyaev, N. A. On the purpose of a person. Experience of paradoxical ethics. On the purpose of a person. About slavery and human freedom. M.: AST, 2006: 266–637. (In Rus.) 16. Berdyaev, N. A. Origins and meaning of Russian. M: Nauka, 1990. (In Rus.) 17. Berdyaev, N. A. About slavery and human freedom. Experience of personalistic philosophy. In Berdyaev, N. A. On the purpose of a person. About slavery and human freedom. M.: AST, 2006: 5-265. (In Rus.) 18. Berdyaev, N. A. The fate of Russia. Experience in the psychology of war and nationality. In Berdyaev, N. A. Russian idea. M.: Eksmo; Sankt-Peterburg: Midgard, 2005: 23–202. (In Rus.) 19. Berdyaev, N. A. Faust’s dying thoughts. In Berdyaev, N. A. The Fall of the Sacred Russian Kingdom: Journalism 1914–1922. M: Astrel’, 2007: 889–902. (In Rus.)
Full articleHistory of Russia in the XIXth – XXth Centuries: Method and Forecast by N. A. Berdyaev
0
7