Article name The Daily Life of the Cheremkhov Miners in the Year of the Great Turning Point: The Collective Agreement of 1930
Authors Plotnikova M.M. Doctor of History, Associate Professor,
Ilyina A.V. Senior Lecturer,
Dyatlova E.V. Candidate of History,
Bibliographic description Plotnikova M. M., Ilyina A. V., Dyatlova E. V. The Daily Life of the Cheremkhov Miners in the Year of the Great Turning Point: The Collective Agreement of 1930 // Humanitarian Vector. 2024. Vol. 19, no. 2. P. 45–54. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2024-19-2-45-54.
Section Events and Destinies (History of Everyday Life)
UDK 331.106.2(571.53)(091)
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2024-19-2-45-54
Article type Original article
Annotation The article is devoted to the everyday life of the Cheremkhov workers through the content of the Collective Agreement of 1930 concluded between the Cheremkhov Union of Miners and the Mine Administration. In regional historiography, the topic of everyday life of coal industry workers has not been disclosed, which determines the scientific novelty and relevance of this article. The Contract determined the amount of wages, conditions of employment, production standards, provision of work clothes and housing, it recorded a list of working specialties with a description of the level labor mechanization. The purpose of the study to analyze the everyday life of Cheremkhov workers. The authors used the case study method, source and comparative analyses, a systematic approach, and the concept of Siberia industrialization by V. P. Zinoviev. The Document was adopted in the year of the Great Turning Point – the transition from the legal functioning of the labor market to the prohibition of market relations. The text of the Contract reflects both the inertia of the previous era and the emerging realities of the new era of labor relations. Its primary characteristic is the decisive role of party bodies, which prescriptively determine the main parameters of production standards. The priority was to increase labor productivity, increase output, and consolidate working hours. In conditions of predominance of manual labor and weak mechanization, this led to an increase in the exploitation of workers. At the same time, the Document protects some workers’ rights in the sphere of work and life, so the authors compare it with the Collective Agreement of 1904 between Baku workers and Caspian oil industrialist. There are no fundamental differences between these documents, and the working and living conditions have not changed since 1904. The authors concluded that the terms of the 1930 Agreement indicate that even such a highly paid and politically privileged part of the workers of Siberia as the Cheremkhov miners lived in difficult housing conditions and were forced to maintain vegetable gardens and livestock.
Key words collective agreement, Eastern Siberia, 1920–1930s, coal mining industry, everyday life, Che­remkhov workers
Article information
References Braudel, F. Material civilization, economics and capitalism, XV–XVIII centuries. Vol. 1. Structures of everyday life: possible and impossible. M: Progress, 1986. (In Rus.) Krom, M.M. Everyday life as a subject of historical research. The history of everyday life. St. Petersburg, 2003: 7–14. (In Rus.) Plotnikova, M. M. The formation of collective identity in the cities of Eastern Siberia in the late XVIII – early XIX centuries. Irkutsk: Publishing house of the ISU, 2014. (In Rus.) Ippolitov, G. M., Repinetsky, A. I. The history of everyday life: some aspects of the genesis and evolution of the branch of historical science. Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the RAS, vol. 14, pp. 154–161, 2012. (In Rus.) Schutz, A. The semantic structure of the everyday world: essays on phenomenological sociology. M: Institute of the Public Opinion Foundation, 2003. (In Rus.) Kuleshov, G. N. The history of the formation of the institute of collective agreements in Russia. Problems of economics and legal practice, no. 2, pp. 126–128, 2017. (In Rus.) Filiptsova, N. A. Collective agreement as a type of normative legal agreements. Cand. sci. diss. abstr. M., 2016. (In Rus.) Labor conflicts in Soviet Russia 1918–1929. M: 1998. (In Rus.) Bril, G. G. Labor conflicts during the first five-year plan (1928–1933): prerequisites for their occurrence and ways to resolve them. Bulletin of KSU, no. 1, pp. 251–254, 2017. (In Rus.) Ivanov, Yu. M. The situation of the workers of Russia in the 20s-early 30s. Questions of history, no. 5, pp. 28–42, 1998. (In Rus.) Davis, R. W. The formation of the Soviet economic system in 1927–1934. Birmingham, 1977. (In Eng.) Kyromia, H. Stalin’s industrial revolution politics and workers. 1928–1932. Cambridge, 1988. (In Eng.) Filtzer, D. Soviet Workers and Stalinist Industrialization. Lnd. 1986. (In Eng.) Boffa, D. History of the Soviet Union. Vol. 1. M: 1994. (In Rus.) Orlov, I. B. Soviet everyday life: historical and sociological aspects of formation. M: Publishing house of State University – Higher School of Economics, 2010. (In Rus.) Pushkareva, N. L. The history of everyday life. Encyclopedia “Circumnavigationˮ. Web. 08.02.2024. URL: (In Rus.) Lebina, N. B. Daily life of the Soviet city: Norms and anomalies. 1920–1930. SPb: “Summer Garden”. 1999. (In Rus.) Zinoviev, V. P. Industrial personnel of old Siberia. Tomsk: Publishing house of Tomsk University, 2007. (In Rus.) Plotnikova, M. M., Martynikhin, V. V., Petrova, A. A. Industrial development of Irkutsk province. Irkutsk Region in 1920–1928 in a transitional economy. Bulletin of the V. N. Tatishchev Volga State University, no. 3, pp. 181–191, 2022. (In Rus.) Irkutsk region. Four centuries: The History of the Irkutsk province (region) of the XVII–XXI centuries. Chief editor of Prof. Dameshek, L. M. Irkutsk: Vostsibkniga. 2012. (In Rus.) Sokol\'nikova, O. N. Through thorns – to the stars. Local historian of the Angara region, no. 2, pp. 113–126, 2017. (In Rus.) Vinokurov, M. A., Sukhodolov, A. P. Cities of the Irkutsk region. Irkutsk: Publishing house of BSUEP, 2010. (In Rus.) Sazonova, V. A. Chinese workers at the gold mines of the Sretensky and Chita districts in the second half of the 20s of the XX century: adaptation to new socio-cultural conditions. Humanitarian vector, no. 3, pp. 69–77, 2022. (In Rus.) Mosaic of the Irkutsk province. Ancient villages of the Angara region: essays on the history and way of life of the XVIII – beginning. XX century. Collection of articles. Comp. Garashchenko, A.N. Irkutsk: Ottisk, 2007. (In Rus.) Gonina, N. V. Raw material city as a habitat. Departmental social policy in cities and its consequences in the 1950s-1980s (based on the materials of Cheremkhovo, Irkutsk region). Socio-economic and Humanitarian Journal of the Krasnoyarsk State University, no. 3, pp. 144–153, 2020. (In Rus.)
Full articleThe Daily Life of the Cheremkhov Miners in the Year of the Great Turning Point: The Collective Agreement of 1930