Article
Article name Social Assessment of the Role of Technology in the Technocratic Conceptions of the 20th–21st Centuries
Authors Azimli A.S. Postgraduate Student, azimliaziz@yandex.ru
Bibliographic description Azimli Aziz Sh. O. Social Assessment of the Role of Technology in the Technocratic Conceptions of the 20th–21st Centuries // Humanitarian Vector. 2020. Vol. 15, No. 4. PP. 53–58. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-4-53-58.
Section CULTURE AND SOCIETY
UDK 1.14
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2020-15-4-53-58
Article type
Annotation The article describes the views of representatives of the philosophy of technology regarding the technical development impact on social life. During the 20th century, thoughts were different. “Technological optimism” prevailed in the first half of the 20th century, but after World War II the creation of nuclear weapons brought the thoughts of negative consequences of technological progress into philosophers’ minds. At the beginning of the 21st century, issues of innovation and risk correlation and the development of new branches of technical knowledge became decisive. Their study is based on the analysis of T. Veblen’s, F. Dessauer’s and V. M. Gorokhov’s conceptions. T. Veblen, the author of the “idle class” conception, examined the contradictions between representatives of the economy real sector and the sphere of circulation. This led him to the idea that the engineers should control the whole manufacturing. The German scientist and philosopher F. Dessauer had a positive attitude to technological progress and its impact on social relations. He believed that if a person produces and develops technology, he becomes similar to the Creator. One more scientist, V. M. Gorokhov believes that the study of technology, according to the object complexity has the interdisciplinary nature. The technology influence on social life should be studied from different prospective and should have multicomponent nature. At the beginning of the 21st century, the technology science is being formed on the basis of natural and technical sciences. The innovations implementation and the problem of technological risks are of great importance for modern society development nowadays.
Key words philosophy of technology, scientific and technological progress, T. Veblen, F. Dessauer, V. M. Gorokhov, innovations and risks
Article information
References 1. Al’-Ani, N. M. Phylosophy of Technology: History and Theory Essays. SPb., OOO «A-PRINT», 2004. (In Rus.) 2. Veblen, T. B. The Engineers and the Price System. M: Izd. dom Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki, 2018. (In Rus.) 3. Gorokhov, V. G. The Role and Place of Philosophy of Technology and Contemporary Philosophy and its Organic Connection with Philosophy of Science. Filosofiya nauki, no. 1, pp. 181–199, 2011. (In Rus.) 4. Gorokhov, V. G. Convergence of biological, informational, nano-and cognitive technologies: a challenge to philosophy (materials of the round table). Question of philosophy, no. 12, pp. 3–23, 2012. (In Rus.) 5. Gorokhov, V. G. Interdisciplinary Assessment of Scientific and Technical Development. Issues of state and municipal management, no. 2–3, pp. 191–214, 2007. (In Rus.) 6. Gorokhov, V. G. Scientific Analysis of Systemotechnical Knowledge. In: System research. Methodological problem. M: Nauka, 1974: 44–56. (In Rus.) 7. Gorokhov, V. G. Technology Assessment as an Applied Philosophy of Technology and Modern Science and Technology Discipline. In: The genius of V. G. Shukhov and the modern era. Materials of the International Congress. M: Bauman Moscow State technical University, 2015: 241–249. (In Rus.) 8. Gorokhov, V. G., Grunval’d, A. Each Innovation has Social Dimension (Technology Assessment as an Applied Philosophy of Technology). Higher education in Russia Higher education in Russia, no. 5, pp. 135–145, 2011. (In Rus.) 9. Dessauer, F. Controversy over Technology. perevod s nem. A. Yu. Nesterova. Samara: SGA, 2017. (In Rus.) 10. Nesterov, A.Yu. Epistemological and Ontological Problems of the Philosophy of Technology: “The Fourth KIngdom” of F. Dessauer. Ontologiya proektirovaniya, no. 3, pp. 377–389, 2016. (In Rus.) 11. Pavlenko, A. N. Technological Possibility Part III. Friedrich Dessauer’s Views on Technology. Historical and philosophical yearbook. M: Nauka, 2007: 325–352. (In Rus.) 12. Rozin, V. M. Technology and Its Modern Concepts. M: IF RAN, 2006. (In Rus.) 13. Philosophy of Technology: History and Modernity. M: IF RAN, 1997. (In Rus.) 14. Shishkina, T. M. Conspicuous Waste and Representativeness Heuristic. Zhurnal institutsional’nykh issledovanii, no. 9, pp. 68–79, 2017. (In Rus.) 15. Cavalieri, M. A. R., Lima, I. V. A Foucauldian view of Veblen’s institutionalism: Non-teleology and the interdiscursivity between economics and biology. Economia, no. 14, pp. 199–212, 2013. (In Engl.) 16. Lawson, T. Process, order and stability in Veblen. Cambridge Journal of Economics, issue 4, pp. 993–1030, 2015. (In Engl.) 17. Rohkraemer, T., Dessauer, F. A Political Biography of the Biophysicist and Reichstag Deputy from Frankfurt. Historische Zeitschrift, no. 1, pp. 232–234, 2013. (In Engl.)
Full articleSocial Assessment of the Role of Technology in the Technocratic Conceptions of the 20th–21st Centuries
0
5