Article name The Mythologem of Water in A. Varlamov’s Story Rafting
Authors Kovtun N.V. Doctor of Philology, Professor,
Novikova E.O. Postgraduate Student,
Bibliographic description citation Kovtun N. V., Novikova E. O. The Mythologem of Water in A. Varlamov’s Story Rafting // Humanitarian Vector. 2023. Vol. 18, no. 3. P. 27–37. DOI: 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-2-27-37.
UDK 821.161.1
DOI 10.21209/1996-7853-2023-18-3-27-37
Article type Original article
Annotation The article analyzes the mythologem of water – a phenomenon that has become particularly popular in the art and artwork of the XX–XXI centuries, which is associated with a breakdown of the previous cultural paradigm, the need for a new view of the world and man, the actualization of interest in the archaic, the links of artistic words and neomythological imagery. The object of the research is Alexei Varlamov’s novel Rafting as an indicative text that reveals this issue. The subject of analysis is the mythologeme of \"water\" and its artistic representation in the novel in all its variety of meanings: the primary element of being, the border between worlds, the space of initiation, the labyrinth, a special entity whose existence is inseparable from the history of man and mankind. The aim of the study is to analyze the artistic representation of the mythologem of water in the prose of A. Varlamov. Varlamov’s key story Rafting through the prism of which the fundamental changes in the relationship between man and nature, characteristic of the current literature in general are evident. Water images (river, rain, well, sea monster) are used in the text to reveal the inner world of heroes whose fate reflects the history of mankind: from paradise times, through love, temptations (stages of initiation) to the knowledge of the tragedy of being and mortality. Water, traditionally signifying the border between worlds, becomes an exit to otherness, the characters’ own subconsciousness (the motif of the labyrinth), where everyone is destined to meet a \"double\", a monster, the battle with which determines insight, approaching the mystery of existence. The emphasis on internal, psychological experiences mediated by the water element forces the reader to turn to the mythopoetic layer of culture, reminds of the archetypal universal. The methodology and methods of research are defined by mythopoetic analysis, a structural-systemic approach to the material and cultural-historical analysis. The practical significance of the work is the possibility of using research materials in teaching such courses as \"History of Russian Literature\", \"Comparative Studies\", \"Culturology\". The mythologeme of water unfolds as one of the key in the work of a number of contemporary authors, representing the natural philosophical direction within modern traditionalism (V. Rasputin), neo-traditionalism (R. Senchin, M. Tarkovsky), developing ecological prose, starting with the texts by V. Astafiev. It is important to show how A. Varlamov’s neo-myth fits into the designated artistic field, what is its fundamental novelty, and how the author continues already established artistic traditions.
Key words myth, mythologem, water, archetype, Alexey Varlamov, novel Rafting
Article information
References 1. Lotman, Yu. M. Semiosphere. SPb: Iskusstvo-SPb, 2000. (In Rus.) 2. Galanina, E. V. Myth as Reality and Reality as Myth: Mythological Foundations of Modern Culture. M: Akademiya Estestvoznaniya, 2013. (In Rus.) 3. Yampolsky, M. The Return of Adam. Myth or Modernity of Archaicism. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo I.Limbakha, 2022. (In Rus.) 4. Voyvodich, Y. Neomifologism in actual Russian prose. M: FLINTA, 2021. (In Rus.) 5. Jung K. G. The Archetype and the Symbol. The introductory article by A. M. Rutkevich. M: \"Kanon+\", ROOI \"Reabilitatsiya\", 2021. (In Rus.) 6. Larionova, M.Ch. Myth, Tale and Rite in the Russian Literature of the 19th Century. Rostov. Izd-vo Rost. un-ta, 2006. (In Rus.) 7. Diakonov, I. M. Archaic myths of the East and the West. M: Nauka, 1990. (In Rus.) 8. Kozlov, A. S. The mythological trend in U. S. literary studies. Dr. sci. diss. abstr. Moskva, 1985. (In Rus.) 9. Berry, E., Epstein, M. Transcultural Experiments: Russian and American Models of Creative Communication (with Ellen Berry). New York: St. Martin’s Press (Scholarly and Reference Division), 1999. (In Engl.) 10. Rozenberg. A. The Myth of the Twentieth Century. Assessment of the spiritual-intellectual struggle of the figures of our time. Tallin, 1998. (In Rus.) 11. Telegin, S. M. Myth and Genesis. M: Kompaniya Sputnik+, 2006. (In Rus.) 12. Minakova, A. M. Poetical cosmos of M. A. Sholokhov: About mythologism in Sholokhov’s epics. M: Prometei, 1992. (In Rus). 13. Vishnitskaya, Y. V. Mythologems of Alexander Blok in the Russian ethno-cultural space. Cand. sci. diss. abstr. Kiev, 2003. (In Rus.) 14. Leiderman, N. Georgy Vladimov and his generals, or Realism Today. Ezhemesyachnyi literaturnyi zhurnal. Ural, no. 7, 2003. Web. 01.03.2023. (In Rus.) 15. Rytova, T. A., Shchipkova E. A. The problem of researching mythologism and myth plot as an element of plot structure in Russian prose of the late XX – early XXI century. Bulletin of Tomsk State University, no. 4, pp. 115–128, 2012. (In Rus.) 16. Iser V. The Changing Functions of Literature. Modern Literary Theory: Ontology. M: Flinta: Nauka, 2004. (In Rus.) 17. Medvedeva, N. G. Myth as a form of artistic conventionality. Cand. sci. diss. abstr. Moskva, 1984. (In Rus.) 18. Kovtun, N., Klimovich, N. The traditionalist discourse of contemporary Russian literature: from the neo-traditionalism to \"new realism\". The Art of Words Journal of Literary, Theatre and Film Studies (Croatia), no. 3/4, pp. 315–337, 2018. (In Croat.) 19. Shchashevtseva, Y. A. Prose of Alexei Varlamov 1980–1990s: genre and stylistic originality. Cand. sci. diss. abstr. Magnitogorsk, 2007. (In Rus.) 20. Kovtun, N. V. Patriarchal myth in the traditionalist prose of the 20th-21st centuries. Sibirskii filologicheskii zhurnal, no. 1. pp. 77–87, 2013. (In Rus.) 21. Kurbatov, V. Ya. Reflection of the Heavenly Battle. Varlamov A. Zatonuvshii kovcheg. M: Mol. gvardiya, 2002. (In Rus.) 22. Kovtun, N. V. Nature and religion as the basis of the way of life in the Astafiev’s story \"Starodub\". estn. TGU. Filologiya, no. 1, pp. 71–83, 2009. (In Rus.) 23. Soldatkina, Y. A. The Mythologem of Water in the Contemporary Russian Novel of Adulthood (A. G. Arkhangelsky \"The Verification Bureau\", A. N. Varlamov \"My Soul is Pavel\", E. G. Vodolazkin \"Brisbane\"). Science and school, no. 4, pp. 11–17, 2020. (In Rus.) 24. Ehliade, M. Selected essays. Essays on Comparative Religious Studies. M: Ladomir, 1999. (In Rus.) 25. Ivanov, V. Vs., Toporov, V. N. Slavic language modeling semiotic systems. M: Nauka, 1965. (In Rus.) 26. Afanas’ev, A. N. Poetic beliefs of Slavs on nature: experience of comparative study of Slavic legends and beliefs in connection with mythical tales of other related peoples. In 3 v. V. 1. M: Sovremennyi pisatel’, 1995. Web. 01.03.2023. (In Rus.) 27. Witzel M. Water in Mythology. Daedalus, no. 3, pp. 18–26, 2015. (In Engl.) 28. Lotman, J. M. Unpredictable mechanisms of culture. Yu. M: Lotman. Tallinn: TLU Press, 2010. (In Rus.) 29. Florensky, P. A. Author’s Abstract; Trinity-Sergius Lavra and Russia; Iconostasis; Names. The Metaphysics of Names in Historical Illumination. Name and Personality; Suggested State Structure in the Future. M: Mir knigi, Literatura, 2010. (In Rus.) 30. Kovtun, N. House-spirit, Master, Pinochet: A Patriarchal Myth in the Late Traditional Prose. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities and social sciences, no. 2, pp. 255–264, 2012. (In Rus.) 31. Jung K. G. The Archetype and the Symbol. Compiled by A. M. Rutkevich. M: \"Kanon+\", ROOI \"Reabilitatsiya\", 2021. (In Rus.) 32. Rusanova, I. P. Rusanova I. P. Sacred wells. Historical archeology. Traditions and perspectives. M: Monuments of historical thought, 1998. Pp. 8–14. (In Rus.) 33. Kozarezova, O. O. The image of the cave in the iconography of the Nativity: the tradition of Eastern and Western Christianity. Culture and society. M: MPGU, 2019. Pp. 151–161. (In Rus.) 34. Bryukhanov, Yu. M. The image of water in the context of one metaplot (M. Prishvin, V. Rasputin, R. Senchin). Valentin Rasputin. Primordial and topical in the mind of the artist. Materials Vseros. conf. Irkutsk, September 25–29, 2022. Irkutsk: IGU, 2023: 32–40.
Full articleThe Mythologem of Water in A. Varlamov’s Story Rafting